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Arguments Of The Confederate State To America

1121 words - 5 pages

Essay Two – What arguments did the Confederate States have of America make to support their constitutional right to succeed?

Known as the deadliest conflict to have taken place on American soil, the Civil War lasted from April 12th, 1861 to April 9th, 1865. Quoted at six hundred and twenty thousand casualties, this conflict raged between the Northern Union States and the Southern Confederate States. However, though there was much bloodshed, the Confederate States felt that their reasons for succession and war were justified. From the issue of slavery to the election of eighteen sixty, each factor played a key role in dividing the nation and providing growth for hostilities to take ...view middle of the document...

However, the Wilmot Proviso went against the simple compromise. This aggravation provided the fuel for possible secession. One secondary argument in Georgia’s declaration was the belief that the northern businesses were taking control of the federal government. Georgia claimed that the north complained about the ill legislation planned against them from foreign countries as well as the high duties they had to pay in order to pay off the debt from the Revolutionary War. Georgia believed that the northern states would receive extra profit and supplies from the Federal Government due to these excuses.
There were several problems which troubled the south and helped fuel the fire for secession. One such issue was the tariff. Many southerners felt that the tariff was unfair. For example, taxes placed on southern goods that were exported were at an equal or higher value then items exported from the north. Another argument was state rights. The Southern call against non-slave states who wished to abolish slavery was based of state rights. Southerners believed that their property (slaves) was protected by the Constitution. However, Northerners were seen as violating the Constitution when they refused to obey the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. Another argument in favor of secession was enticement. Many southern slave-holding states became agitated at the fact that northern states were encouraging slaves to escape as well as promoting servile insurrection. One such example that attacked the peculiar institution was Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This literature deeply infuriated southern slave owners and led to more disunion among the states. The final thread holding the North and South together was snapped when the Abraham Lincoln was elected as the sixteenth president of the United States. Many Southern individuals saw President Lincoln as an advocate for controlling slavery and in favor of northern interests.
Though secession to the South was seen as an exercise of state sovereignty, President Lincoln quickly labeled this action as a Revolutionary act, dishonoring the Union as well as the Constitution. In his inaugural address, President Lincoln stated his counterargument against the Confederacy. He states that the United States follows the path of a contract; it can only be taken a part if all parties agree on certain terms. However, President Lincoln saw the Confederate states as a small party which attempted to violate the Constitution and the U.S. Government by...

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