Art Movement Essay

1621 words - 7 pages

“Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision.”
― Salvador Dalí
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. The aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality." Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself.
The Surrealist movement was founded in Paris by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the ...view middle of the document...

Figures like Salvador Dalí and Man Ray not only had an important influence on avant-garde art, but through their commercial work - in fashion photography, advertising and film - they brought the style to a huge popular audience. Following the demise ofMinimalism in the 1960s, the movement's influence also returned to art, and since the 1970s it has attracted considerable attention from art historians.
Founders of the movement regarded the style a revolutionary movement and literary Surrealism, Surrealism in movies, Surrealism in photography and other Surrealism works is the expression of the movement philosophy. The movement became recognized all around the globe and affected various media, including the visual arts, literature, film, and music, political thought and philosophy.

The first literary Surrealism work appeared in 1921, Les Champs Magnitiques (“Magnetic Fields”), which a result of collaboration of Andre Breton and the French poet and novelist Philippe Soupault.

Surrealism movies include Entr'acte (René Clair,1924), La Coquille et le clergyman (Germaine Dulac, 1928), Un chien andalou and L'Âge d'Or (Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí), L'Étoile de mer (Man Ray, 1928), by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí, 1930), Le sang d'un poète (Jean Cocteau, 1930). Surrealism influence is present in a number of films. Such filmmaker as David Lynch due to some aspects of many of his films is also regarded as a Surrealist. Surrealism in movies is recognized due to the sudden emergence of the uncanny into the "normal" which may or may not be further explored in the rest of the film.

Surrealism has greatly impacted many fields. Surrealism in art is a creative act of effort to liberate imagination. The Surrealism style dynamic and as dialectic in its thought, is present in the works of the obscure poet Samuel Greenberg and the hobo writer and humourist T-Bone Slim. Clark Ashton Smith, Montague Summers, Fantomas, The Residents, Bugs Bunny, comic strips are also referred to the style. Surrealism has had an impact on radical and revolutionary politics, both directly and indirectly (the New Left of the 1960s and 1970s and the French revolt of May 1968).

 1960s riots
Surrealism has had an identifiable impact on radical and revolutionary politics, both directly — as in some Surrealists joining or allying themselves with radical political groups, movements and parties — and indirectly — through the way in which Surrealists' emphasize the intimate link between freeing imagination and the mind, and liberation from repressive and archaic social structures.
Magic realism: a popular technique among novelists of the latter half of the 20th century especially among Latin American writers, has some obvious similarities to Surrealism with its juxtaposition of the normal and the dream-like.
An image from Disney and Dalí'sDestino (1946)
A man slices a woman's eye in the opening scene of Un Chien Andalou.
Academy Award winner, Michel Gondry, uses many...

Other Essays Like Art Movement

Contemporary Art Essay

601 words - 3 pages Visual Arts How contemporary art has changed the way “the figure” has been presented. Refer to Michelangelo’s “The David”. Art has always been a major part of society and culture and is respected throughout the world. The Italian High Renaissance was the defining movement in art history. No other artistic movement has contributed more to development of art. The portrayal of the human body has drastically changed with history, painting and

19th Century Art Education, Industrial Art or Fine Art?

4211 words - 17 pages to draw, and that drawing is easily to learn than writing. He did not want to children to make artistic pictures. He believed they should learn to draw by copying outlines from manuals and learn mechanical drawing theories. The passion for drawing from real objects rather Smith’s copying exercise later rose with Kindergarten Movement and Oswego Normal School‘s object teaching methods (Macdonald,1970, 2004). As the State art supervisor, Smith

Cubism Was One Of The Strongest Art Movements In The 20th Century That Gave Birth To Many Other Movements Such As Futurism And Suprematism

688 words - 3 pages from many angles. This new style gave a 3 dimensional look on the canvas. The cubist movement gave rise to an extraordinary reassessment of the interaction between form and space changing the course of western art forever. The groundbreaking Demoiselles d'Avignon was controversial not only for the way the women looked but also for the positions of the women. Although Picasso did not emphasize on detail, he "saw that the rational, often geometric

Evolution of Pop Art

1980 words - 8 pages birth to total reassessment of old values. It was born twice: first in England and then again, independently, in New York. During the early 1950s, several London artists transformed the artifacts and mass media imagery of American popular culture into critical, satirical art works. They were responding to a flood of American postwar export of consumer goods, movies, magazines, comics and advertising. However, Pop Art became popular movement

Changes In The First 15 Years Of The 20th Century Europe

622 words - 3 pages three exhibitions. The leaders of the movement were Henri Matisse and Andre Derain. Paintings of the Fauves were characterized using wild brush work and colors. They had a degree of simplification and abstraction. Fauvism can use as development of Post-Impressionism and Neo-Impressionist painters. Picasso was best Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor. He is one of the most recognized artiest in 20th-century art. He is best known for co

Contemporary Art and Society

724 words - 3 pages succession of states. Along with the modern movement Dadaism sought to knock 'high art' off it's pedestal, by declaring that any object could be regarded as art. If society was visibly bad, then some Dadaists thought it ought to be return to the uncorrupted innocence of nature. Since World War II, the balance of power in art had been shifted. Our daily life had become a living museum without walls. In this age, abstract expressionism emerged

Theory of Knowledge: Sense Perception

478 words - 2 pages color enables us to achieve. Without color, one would not be able to distinguish essential information needed for survival. The example used in the talk was a picture of a jungle shown in black and white, in which the viewer could not recognize a dangerous predator that appears only when the image is shown in color.Humans have always been interested in proving that our senses are unreliable, and this is evident in an art movement called "Op Art

The Rise of Contemporary Art in India

1482 words - 6 pages in India. This movement towards modernism and contemporary Indian art had very little female participation. The only woman artist from this period who's work is still talked about today is Amrita Sher-Gil. (Her mother was Hungarian and her father was from Punjab, India) After her schooling in Europe she returned to India to explore her roots during which she produced impressive work. Apart from her, no other eminent female artists were a

Surrealism And Salvador Dali

850 words - 4 pages Rachel Mendelson Final EssayArt Appreciation Fall 2012 Art Movement -Surrealism “Although the dream is a very strange phenomenon and an inexplicable mystery, far more inexplicable is the mystery and aspect of our minds confer on certain objects and aspects of life.” g. de Chirico Surrealism is a style of art in which the artist use the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions to evoke the imagination and

The Politics of Pop Art

3340 words - 14 pages to be readily available. The diversity within the movement arose from how the Pop artists approached this culture of post-war America, whether it was through parody, fetishization, or just pure replication; as well as what aspects of the culture they chose to reflect on. The sheer diversity of themes and styles covered by the various pop artists means that one cannot be too reductive when analysing this art movement. It is therefore with this in

Issues of Reality

1935 words - 8 pages large scale art work focusing on the magnification of nature. During this time, Georgia also uses the art element of surrealism; this is evident in one of her famous art work “Mules skull with Pink Poinsettia” – 1936 (oil on canvas) which demonstrates the use of surrealism. This clearly is a product of her life experiences, thoughts, beliefs and feelings. Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early-1920s, and is best known for the

Related Papers

Compare And Contrast Egypt And Greek Art

624 words - 3 pages interesting to note that both the forms of art encouraged nudity in their art. While, the Greek art used nudity more than the Egyptian art, the latter confined nudity only to children. In fact, Greek artists exhibited their interest in the human form. Human form was not of primary interest in the case of the Egyptian artists.Another interesting difference between Greek art and Egyptian art is that Greek art was laden with movement, while the Egyptian

Outline Of Movements In Art

826 words - 4 pages Protestant threat (Duckett, 2011). The Baroque movement began in ital where artists expressed the triumphs of the Catholic Church. b. Artwork significant to the movement * Merisi, M. (1601). “Caravaggio, Conversion of Saint Paul” [oil on canvas 7’ 6” x 5’ 9”]. Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome. In F. S. Kleiner (Ed.), Gardner’s art through the ages: The Western perspective (14 ed., Vol. II, p. 562). Boston, MA: Wadsworth

My Dog Essay

266 words - 2 pages American artist Roy Lichtenstein was born on October 27, 1923 in New York, and grew up on Manhattan's Upper West Side. In the 1960s, Lichtenstein became an important figure of the new Pop Art movement. Inspired by advertisements and comic strips, Lichtenstein's bright, graphic works parodied American popular culture and the art world itself. He died in New York City on September 29, 1997. In the late 1940s, Lichtenstein exhibited his art in

Iwt1 Task 1 Sample Essay

1361 words - 6 pages  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXX Student ID: XXXXXXXX RIWT Task 1 Romanticism vs Realism Eras Romantic Art of 1800 – 1860 The Industrial Revolution started in the later part of 18th century. This new revolution brought about a new market based on technology. The movement was changing from human tools and animal power to a new era of machine tools and machine power (McKay, 2015). Because of the new movement of