Art Movement Essay

1621 words - 7 pages

“Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision.”
― Salvador Dalí
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. The aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality." Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself.
The Surrealist movement was founded in Paris by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the ...view middle of the document...

Figures like Salvador Dalí and Man Ray not only had an important influence on avant-garde art, but through their commercial work - in fashion photography, advertising and film - they brought the style to a huge popular audience. Following the demise ofMinimalism in the 1960s, the movement's influence also returned to art, and since the 1970s it has attracted considerable attention from art historians.
Founders of the movement regarded the style a revolutionary movement and literary Surrealism, Surrealism in movies, Surrealism in photography and other Surrealism works is the expression of the movement philosophy. The movement became recognized all around the globe and affected various media, including the visual arts, literature, film, and music, political thought and philosophy.

The first literary Surrealism work appeared in 1921, Les Champs Magnitiques (“Magnetic Fields”), which a result of collaboration of Andre Breton and the French poet and novelist Philippe Soupault.

Surrealism movies include Entr'acte (René Clair,1924), La Coquille et le clergyman (Germaine Dulac, 1928), Un chien andalou and L'Âge d'Or (Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí), L'Étoile de mer (Man Ray, 1928), by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí, 1930), Le sang d'un poète (Jean Cocteau, 1930). Surrealism influence is present in a number of films. Such filmmaker as David Lynch due to some aspects of many of his films is also regarded as a Surrealist. Surrealism in movies is recognized due to the sudden emergence of the uncanny into the "normal" which may or may not be further explored in the rest of the film.

Surrealism has greatly impacted many fields. Surrealism in art is a creative act of effort to liberate imagination. The Surrealism style dynamic and as dialectic in its thought, is present in the works of the obscure poet Samuel Greenberg and the hobo writer and humourist T-Bone Slim. Clark Ashton Smith, Montague Summers, Fantomas, The Residents, Bugs Bunny, comic strips are also referred to the style. Surrealism has had an impact on radical and revolutionary politics, both directly and indirectly (the New Left of the 1960s and 1970s and the French revolt of May 1968).

 1960s riots
Surrealism has had an identifiable impact on radical and revolutionary politics, both directly — as in some Surrealists joining or allying themselves with radical political groups, movements and parties — and indirectly — through the way in which Surrealists' emphasize the intimate link between freeing imagination and the mind, and liberation from repressive and archaic social structures.
Music
Magic realism: a popular technique among novelists of the latter half of the 20th century especially among Latin American writers, has some obvious similarities to Surrealism with its juxtaposition of the normal and the dream-like.
An image from Disney and Dalí'sDestino (1946)
A man slices a woman's eye in the opening scene of Un Chien Andalou.
Academy Award winner, Michel Gondry, uses many...

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