This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Arthur Schopenhauer Essay

3335 words - 14 pages

Arthur Schopenhauer - Ethik und Mitleid
Wie kaum ein anderer Philosoph hat Arthur Schopenhauer das Mitleid in den Mittelpunkt seiner Ethik gestellt. Mitleid, so Schopenhauer in seinen Schriften zur Ethik, ist ein "alltägliches Phänomen", nämlich die ganz unmittelbare Teilnahme am Leiden eines anderen Wesens. Wir leiden mit ihm, also in ihm. Hierdurch wird die vorher unüberwindbare Mauer zwischen dem "Ich" und dem "Du" mehr und mehr abgebaut:
"Wie ist es möglich", fragt Schopenhauer, "dass ein Leiden, welches nicht meines ist, nicht mich trifft, doch ebenso unmittelbar wie sonst nur mein eigenes, Motiv für mich werden, mich zum Handeln bewegen soll? Es ist möglich nur dadurch, ...view middle of the document...

"

Schopenhauers Mitleidsethik
In der Ethik vertritt Schopenhauer (1788-1860) im Unterschied zu Kant eine Mitleidsethik. Der einzige Grund, uneigennützig zu handeln, ist nach ihm die Erkenntnis des Eigenen im Anderen – das ist Mitleid. So bemerke der vom blinden Willen getriebene Mensch, dass in allen anderen Lebewesen derselbe blinde Wille haust und sie ebenso leiden lässt wie ihn. Durch das Mitleid wird der Egoismus überwunden, der Mensch identifiziert sich mit dem Anderen durch die Einsicht in das Leiden der Welt.
Es folgt hieraus ein im Vergleich zu Kant radikal anderer „Imperativ“.
„Neminem laede, immo omnes, quantum potes, iuva. [Verletze niemanden, vielmehr hilf allen, soweit du kannst]“
– SCHOPENHAUER: DAS PRINZIP ALLER MORAL
Schopenhauer schließt in seine Ethik eindeutig den Schutz der Tiere ein.
„Mitleid mit den Tieren hängt mit der Güte des Charakters so genau zusammen, daß man zuversichtlich behaupten darf, wer gegen Tiere grausam ist, könne kein guter Mensch sein.“
Wie kaum ein anderer Philosoph hat Arthur Schopenhauer das Mitleid in den Mittelpunkt seiner Ethik gestellt. Mitleid, so Schopenhauer in seinen Schriften zur Ethik, ist ein "alltägliches Phänomen", nämlich die ganz unmittelbare Teilnahme am Leiden eines anderen Wesens. Wir leiden mit ihm, also in ihm. Hierdurch wird die vorher unüberwindbare Mauer zwischen dem "Ich" und dem "Du" mehr und mehr abgebaut:
"Wie ist es möglich", fragt Schopenhauer, "dass ein Leiden, welches nicht meines ist, nicht mich trifft, doch ebenso unmittelbar wie sonst nur mein eigenes, Motiv für mich werden, mich zum Handeln bewegen soll? Es ist möglich nur dadurch, dass ich es ...mitempfinde, es als meines fühle, und doch nicht in mir, sondern in einem andern ... Dies aber setzt voraus, dass ich mich mit dem andern gewissermaßen identifiziert habe, und folglich die Schranke zwischen dem Ich und Nicht-Ich für den Augenblick aufgehoben sei....Dieser Vorgang ist mysteriös; denn er ist etwas, wovon die Vernunft keine unmittelbare Rechenschaft geben kann..."
Das Mitleid - und hierbei unterscheidet sich Schopenhauer von fast allen anderen Philosophen seiner Zeit - bezieht sich auf alles, was Leben hat und damit auch auf Tiere. Es ist, was Schopenhauer immer wieder betonte, die wahre Grundlage der Moral. Das Mitleid "ist eine unleugbare Tatsache des menschlichen Bewusstseins, ist diesem wesentlich eigen, beruht nicht auf Voraussetzungen, Begriffen, Religionen, Dogmen, Mythen, Erziehung und Bildung".
Schopenhauer hat in seiner "Preisschrift über die Grundlage der Moral" die zentrale Bedeutung des Mitleids für jedes ethische Verhalten hervorgehoben, und zwar mit Worten, die nahegehen:
"Denn grenzenloses Mitleid mit allen lebenden Wesen ist der festeste und sicherste Bürge für das sittliche Wohlverhalten und bedarf keiner Kasuistik. Wer davon erfüllt ist, wird zuverlässig keinen verletzen, keinen beeinträchtigen, keinem wehe tun, vielmehr mit jedem...

Other Essays Like Arthur Schopenhauer

The Story of Jane Eyre Essay

1100 words - 5 pages ." (397) Women who has been educated and fill with knowledge are charming. Susan Sontag, one of the most famous female writers in America, is the most outstanding and disputable person in the western world. Her stories and works have been spread widely all over the world through the public media. She was obsessed with many literature works and writers such as William Shakespeare, Victor Hugo, Arthur Schopenhauer, etc. Her temperament and the

The Start of the World War One

3625 words - 15 pages been set out in beguiling form by J. Hillis Miller in the searching analysis of Empedocles on Etna that appears in The Linguistic Moment.' Of course, Arnold's sense of tension and division can be, and has been, assessed in a variety of ways. Alan Grob, in a reading of "Resignation," traces the fundamental conflict to an ontological crisis illuminated best by Schopenhauer. Clyde de L. Ryals encloses some of the themes and problems observed by Grob

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Related Papers

Explain What The Concept Of The 'will' Is To Arthur Schopenhauer

971 words - 4 pages Schopenhauer's WillImagine every morning when you get out of bed, you're thrust into an existential crisis. That's probably what life was like for Arthur Schopenhauer. Throughout Schopenhauer's education in Europe, he was taught skepticism and critiques on previous philosophers that denounced faith and a divine plan, rather to focus on self-consciousness and rationalization of self. This philosophical education gave Schopenhauer thoughts on the

Hakekat Musik Essay

1833 words - 8 pages tersebut. Dalam On Aesthetic, Schopenhauer menulis, “Music is the true universal language which is understood everywhere, so that it is ceaselessly spoken in all countries and throughout all the centuries with great zeal and earnestness” Musik adalah bahasa universal. Beethoven meyakini bahwa musiknya bertutur dengan bahasa yang dapat dipahami oleh siapapun. Salah satu contoh ilustrasi yang ditunjukan di dalam film bagaimana musik menjadi

Man At The Brink Of Immortality

1921 words - 8 pages inborn association of immortality with the meaning of life. Arthur Schopenhauer, a flagrant pessimist, dramatically proposes that the will to live should be abolished in order for the human race to achieve a noble purpose and a charitable attitude in life.5 From observation, he notices the universal human will to exist pertains to every conscious being, be it human or animal. He concludes that there must be a life-force collective, from which

Continental Philosophy Essay

824 words - 4 pages dangerous and monstrous. The most famous philosopher to doubt Hegel’s ideas was Arthur Schopenhauer. Schopenhauer described Hegel as “unimaginative, unintelligent, disgusting, revolting charlatan who ruined the entire generation of intellectuals who followed him” (Moore & Bruder, 2005). Schopenhauer’s theory was based on free will. He believed that human beings were “driven by will to pursue selfish desires” (Moore & Bruder