Article Review

2293 words - 10 pages

The Use of Prayer and Scripture in CBT Article Review
Liberty University

Summary
The article entitled “Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” discusses the use of prayer and scripture in a Christian view of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The article also discusses the expansion of cognitive Behavior Therapy to include Mindfulness Based Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The article also discusses implicit and explicit integration in therapy (Tan, S. 2007).
The article begins by discussing the research behind Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007) . The article states ...view middle of the document...

2007). Spiritual Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has become more popular especially in Christian and Muslim traditions (Tan, S. 2007). Spiritual Cognitive Behavior Therapy uses prayer and scripture as the center of their therapeutic approach (Tan, S. 2007). The author reports ten outcome studies that support spiritual-oriented Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The outcome studies included a mixture of Christians and Muslims (Tan, S. 2007). The studies showed Spiritual-oriented Cognitive Behavioral Therapy was beneficial in treating depression and generalized anxiety disorder (Tan, S. 2007).
Next, the article discusses a biblical, Christian approach to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The author discusses eight key aspects of a biblical, Christian viewpoint of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The first key focuses on Agape love and a genuine relationship with the client (Tan, S. 2007). The second key focuses on resolving past issues (Tan, S. 2007). The third key focuses on the meaning of life experiences through God’s wisdom given to use through Scriptures (Tan, S. 2007). The fourth key focuses on problem behaviors and thoughts (Tan, S. 2007). The problem behaviors and thoughts might stem from problem feelings (Tan, S. 2007). The author suggests using God’s word to correct the problem behaviors, thoughts and feelings (Tan, S. 2007). The fifth key focuses on stressing the importance of the Holy Spirit’s hand in bringing about healing, cognitive, behavioral and emotional change (Tan, S. 2007). The sixth key is focuses on contextual factors (Tan, S. 2007). If the therapist focuses on contextual factors they will be able to utilize the right resources (Tan, S. 2007). The seventh key focuses on only using therapeutic techniques that line up with the Bible (Tan, S. 2007). The eighth key focuses on outcome research (Tan, S. 2007). The author warns to focus on research before comparing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to its counterparts (Tan, S. 2007).
In the next section, the article discusses implicit and explicit integration in therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The author suggests that implicit integration is a more secret approach that does not begin a discussion about religious issues (Tan, S. 2007). The implicit integration approach also does not directly use religious material (Tan, S. 2007). Explicit integration is a more open approach discusses religious issues in therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The explicit integration approach also uses spiritual resources on a regular basis (Tan, S. 2007). The decision to use implicit or explicit integration depends on the client (Tan, S. 2007). The author suggests that both types of integration are equally important (Tan, S. 2007).
In order to determine if prayer and Scripture should be used in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, the client should be assessed (Tan, S. 2007). The author suggests an interview that includes the client’s history, problem and goals (Tan, S. 2007). The client is asked...

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