Articles Of Confederation Essay

771 words - 4 pages

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATIONThe Articles of Confederation provided for the basic structure of American government from 1781. The articles bound states together, but this tie was so weak that central government was impossible. A national government should have the ability to enforce its authority, have a clear description of where the governing powers lie, a delineated leadership, and disposition of economic and foreign affairs. The Articles themselves were drafted at the beginning of the war, but all 13 states had to sign before they could be ratified.In July 1775, Benjamin Franklin presented Congress with the first written plan for a new national government, the Articles of Confederation and ...view middle of the document...

A confluence of factors including the norms of international protocol, war-time economic disruptions, the possibility of military defeat and several critical changes in the draft constitution, which weakened Congress's authority--helped secure Congress's endorsement of the Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777.Several state legislatures quickly ratified the Articles, but others expressed strong reservations about one or more of its provisions. About half of the states approved the Articles of Confederation by the March 1778 deadline established by Congress, yet unanimous approval was required to make the Articles effective. Although the Articles of Confederation lasted until they were replaced by ratification of the United States Constitution in 1788, many provisions of this first national constitution had enduring constitutional effects. The articles created a loose confederation of independent states that gave limited powers to a central government. The national government would consist of a single house of Congress, where each state would have one vote. Congress had the power to set up a postal department, to estimate the costs of the government and request donations from the states, to raise armed forces, and to control the development of the western territories. With the consent of nine of the thirteen states,...

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