Assess Sociological Explanations Of Gender Differences In The Patterns Of Crime

628 words - 3 pages

Official statistics show that men are the likely suspect to a crime rather than women, as the figures show that 4 out of 5 offenders are men. Also by the age of 40 about 32% of men commit supposed to only 9% of women. Not only do the figures differ between men and women the crimes they commit are also different, as men commit more serious crimes (i.e. assault, murder and rape) whereas women commit minor crimes (i.e. shoplifting, pick pocketing ). This shows that there is a difference in gender crime as men are mostly suspects of crime and commit more serious ones.
However some sociologists argue that official statistics are wrong and do not show the real difference in gender crimes. As they argue that as women commit more minor crimes they are usually let go without any further actions taken to them. Therefore this shows that official statistics does not show ...view middle of the document...

This shows that the criminal justice system is more lenient with women as they treat men more harshly than women.
However feminist would disagree with the ‘Chivalry thesis’, they state as the system is patriarchal it is actually harsher on women who commit a crime. As they see it as the woman is breaking from her norm (i.e. women are socialised to be expressive actors in society, for example to be housewives). Therefore this shows women are not given more leniencies and are actually punished (i.e. given custodial sentencing) if they break from their social norms that is expected from them.
As we have looked at the gender differences and the reason for it, now we must examine why women are less likely to commit crimes than men. There are many reason for why women commit less crime, for example functionalist Parson stated it was due to the way they are socialised. Women are socialised to be able to fit in the express roles and this means their norms and values differ from boys. Therefore women are more expressive, tender, gentle and caring than boys and these are all qualities which go against committing crime. However feminist Heidenson would argue it is due to patriarchal control at work (i.e. women are controlled by their supervisors which are usually men), at home (i.e. by their partner and the need to look after the children) and at public (i.e. by fellow commuters). Thus there is more pressure and control on women than men, meaning they have less opportunity to commit crime.
In conclusion women are less likely to be criminals than men, however as we looked at the reasons for why women commit less crime we have not looked into why men commit more crime. The reason is masculinity, men that do not have a hegemonic masculinity (i.e. husband, working, children and etc…) have oppositional masculinity to compensate for not having a hegemonic masculinity. Therefore by having an oppositional masculinity men are more likely to commit crime as this gives them a sense of purpose and status. Therefore to conclude men are more criminal due to masculinity.

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