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Assess The Marxist Views Of The Roles Of The Family

709 words - 3 pages

Marxism is a macro theory based on the key concept of social classes; its main theorist is Karl Marx. The main Marxist views are that the class system is important, meaning that the lower classes work for the upper class; they also view that males are more dominant and are depended upon by women within society. These are all factors that contribute to serving the interests of capitalism.

Marxists see all social institutions as serving the interests of capitalism - this includes the family, and they say that it serves the interests of capitalism by maintaining and advocating the class inequality and exploitation by the rich through the primary socialisation of children; the family ...view middle of the document...

In opposition to this, some people would say that this is not exploiting the workers as they choose to work for these businesses, and that selling the products for more than the production costs is just how businesses work, not done to purposefully maintain inequality for capitalist interests.

Alternatively, functionalists argue that the family performs vital functions for society; they see society as based on value consensus, where everyone has an important role within society. They view the main roles of the family as: reproduction, protection, care, emotional support, and the teaching of norms and values through socialisation - these roles all contribute to a functioning society, and not to serve the interests of capitalism.

Functionalists such as Parsons have contrasting views to Marxism as he sees the family as having two essential functions within society: the primary socialisation of children to equip them with basic skills and society’s values, to enable them to cooperate with other and begin to integrate them into society; and the stabilisation of adult personalities, the...

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