Effect of the natural environment from the construction industry
Task 1 (p1)
Features of the natural environment that could be affected:
• Air quality
• Ozone layer
• Soil quality and natural drainage
• Land scape
• Land use
• Green belt
• Country side
• Water resources
• Water quality
• Marine environment
• Natural resources
• Natural habitat
The air quality will suffer as a result of construction works. Combustible pollutants are compounds produced by burning fuel. For example on a construction site, petrol and diesel engines would be used, which produce exhaust gases that pollute and ...view middle of the document...
The loss of habitats also affects biodiversity. The loss of natural habitats in one area may also have an effect on another habitat. Animals that migrate between habitats will no longer have places to go so the natural cycle between environments is lost.
The construction industry build on lots of land, depending what was built on the land it may become contaminated. The rapid expansion of the industrial industry in the 18th and 19th century meant natural resources for power and transport were used. Factories that were set up used whatever they could to get the finished product, this meant lots of chemicals were used to make raw materials. The che3micals that were used contaminated to soil and environment. Industrials area that are used by factory’s are the most likely to be contaminated but are valuable ones of land, these are called brownfield sites, these sites have been cleared of all contaminates. The god thing about brownfield sites is that they are in cities and have all the services required for the building already in place. This is better than using Greenfield sites as it save land.
Country side - deforestation
The construction industry has to destroy thousands of trees to use for material and make way for new developments here for making the countryside smaller and destroying it. Deforestation destroys lots of things in the country side:
• Water infiltration harms river and lakes
• More carbon in the atmosphere
The construction industry decreases natural drainage. When they build developments on green field sites or flood plains it means water can’t disperse there as it can’t penetrate concrete, this means areas of land will become flooded and unable to use. When major rain storms happen the water won’t have anywhere to drain so will just flood areas and cause thousands of pounds worth of damage.
Task 2 and 3 (p2)
Global pollution arising
Air pollution is defined as any contamination of the whole atmosphere and it disturbs the natural composition and the chemistry of the air. This can be in any form of an particulate matter such as dust or excessive gases like carbon dioxide or other vapours that cannot be effectively removed through natural cycles, such as the carbon cycle or the nitrogen cycle.
Air pollution comes from a wide variety of sources.
Depending on any of the concentration of the air pollutants, several effects can be noticed. Smog increases, higher rain acidity, crop depletion from inadequate oxygen, and higher rates of asthma. Many scientists may think that global warming is also related to increased air pollution.
This can affect the local environment as it can cause the air to be dirty and thick which isn’t good for human health. The ways in which the construction company can minimise this is use more green and eco-friendly ways to power things...