Athena's Impact On The Lives Of Ancient Greeks

1222 words - 5 pages

Athena was the Greek Goddess of many ideas, but she was famous mostly for her superior wisdom, her cunning skills in times of war, and her implausible talent for household tasks, such as weaving and pottery. She was celebrated more than any other God in ancient mythology, was the supposed inventor of countless innovations, and her figure gave reason for Greek woman to gain rights long before others of their time. The goddess of war, the guardian of Athens, and the defender of Heroes; Athena’s impact on the lives of Ancient Greeks is outstanding.
As a resident on Mount Olympus, Athena rightfully represents both intelligence and strategy (Grant, Hazel 83). Symbols that identify with the ...view middle of the document...

The Scirophonia was a festival in which priests would walk in a somber march under a vast sun umbrella and lastly the Panathenea. The Panathenea festival was the largest festival in which hundreds of people walked in a massive procession to the Acropolis. The people were bringing Athena a peplos, or a robe, made by the most skilled workers in Athens. During this festival, people held races, sang songs, played music, competed in gymnastics and also music contests (The Cut of Athena 1). Along with the festivals, the Greek people built expansive temples to Athena. There is the sanctuary of Athena in Delphi, Greece, part of the great temple complex there. The sanctuary was set-aside for Athena for her role as guardian of wisdom and consciousness (Philip, Wilkinson 53). The Parthenon in Athens also has a portion dedicated to Athena, but aside from that, there are two other temples devoted to the goddess: the temple of Athena Nike and the Erectheum, both of which are also located on the Acropolis in Athens. Athena was respected throughout Greece but she had an almost cult following in Athens (The Cult of Athena 1). There was an ancient rivalry between Athens, the city known for its advanced thinking, and Sparta, known for its warlike approach towards problems. However, both cities worshipped Athena. In Sparta, she was adored for her power in battle and in Athens for her intellect (Philip, Wilkinson 52). Athena was well rounded and respected greatly by everyone in ancient Greece. She stood for many different beliefs that even the most unlike citizens could relate with.
There were many different parts in life that the ancient Greeks could not explain. Because of this, they turned to mythology. Athena was supposedly responsible for almost all the innovations that made day-to-day tasks such as farming and housework, easier. She allegedly invented ox-yokes, horse bridles, ploughs, and rakes, as well as bowls and vases. She was also the creator of ships, potter’s wheels, flutes, and trumpets (Lies 48, George 1). Not only was Athena the goddess the Greeks believed to have helped them more than any other god from Mount Olympus, but she also taught them many different skills as well. Athena is rumored to have taught the science of mathematics to those that would listen (Lies 48). She also taught the ancient Greeks how to domesticate horses and how to harness them to the first war chariots (George 1). For the ancient Greeks, the world was a mystery and they used their gods and goddesses to fill in the gaps. Athena was one god that they thought taught them and helped them the most due to her...

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