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Atomic Bombs Essay

1556 words - 7 pages

Atomic Bombs

Today, bombs are a part of life. People hear about bomb explosions, or a story related to bombs, almost daily. No one is really in harm today because of the strict regulation of bombs. The United States government as well as many governments all over the world have limited the use of bombs. Since the atomic bomb was introduced, the only thing that the world has been able to relate to it is destruction. This, of course, is due a great deal to World War II. The “famous” bomb that was dropped in Japan was the straw that broke the camel’s back. There is a plethora of information on the negative effects of the A-bomb and topics that relate to the atomic bomb: its ...view middle of the document...

Both the idea and study of atoms as a weapon originated in Germany. Albert Einstein even had knowledge of atomic weapons. He wrote a letter to President Roosevelt to inform him of the potential power of them. Because of Einstein’s actions, the U.S. Government began the Manhattan Project, a group that is well-known today for its research, that was designed to research and create a usable atomic bomb. They worked very hard and deserve credit for most of the nuclear research that is known today.

July 16, 1945: this is an important date in atomic history because it is the date of the first atomic bomb explosion. The bomb was named Fat Boy and was tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico. If this date looks familiar, that is because it is in the World War II time frame. Before the bomb was tested, President Harry Truman had already made the decision to use it on Japan. Even though the war was almost over, Truman still decided to use a weapon of such large devastation. He made this decision based on the facts that the loss of American lives would be too great not to; Americans wanted revenge for the Pearl Harbor incident and the treatment of American prisoners; and the development of the bomb would cost two billion dollars, too large of a financial investment not to actually use the bomb.

An a-bomb’s destructive capabilities on the surrounding areas are phenomenal. Effects on the surrounding area caused bye the bomb can be broken up into four general categories: damage caused by the atomic blast, damage caused by heat rays which produced high temperature fires, fallout, and black rain. The atomic bomb creates a huge amount of energy; about half of this energy is used in producing a blast wave. Huge amounts of explosive power from an atomic bomb is released in only a fraction of a second and creates a powerful blast effect which travels through the air at a speed that is greater than the speed of sound. The blast creates mass destruction. At only 0.5 kilometers away from the hypocenter, strong iron-framed buildings are crushed and roofs are blown off and walls are knocked over. At two kilometers away from the hypocenter, major damage to all brick buildings two stories and higher can be seen. The heat rays and high temperature fires also cause major damage. Compared to a TNT explosion, which produces a temperature of about a few thousand degrees, an atomic explosion produces a glowing ball of fire, which can reach up to millions of degrees. The radiant energy travels at the speed of light and includes visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light. The rays cast permanent shadows of railings onto roads. They also caused ceramic roof tiles to bubble. The surfaces of granite stones were bleached white and became rough with the popping of quartz in the stone. Wooden fences and clothes hanging off clotheslines within two kilometers of the hypocenter spontaneously combusted. Everything within two kilometers of the hypocenter was completely burnt.

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