Attachment And Human Development Essay

1468 words - 6 pages

An attachment perspective on incarcerated parents and their children
Cassidy, J., Poehlmann, J., & Shaver, P. (2010). An attachment perspective on incarcerated parents and their children. Attachment & Human Development, 12(4), 285-288.
Children of incarcerated parents are considered an at-risk population. It is recorded that more than 3 million children are critically affected by having a parent who is incarcerated. The article finds that children are damaged by the interruption this incarceration plays in attachment relationships between the parent and child. The loss the child faces once a parent becomes incarcerated affects the security of the parent-child attachment therefore ...view middle of the document...

I can see where the poverty, exposure and more instability would begin. It most likely was that this child has been exposed to the risks for a very long time and would soon be “falling through the cracks” as this research is suggesting.
I feel that the impact of parental incarceration on children may depend on the situation. It stands to reason that if a child forges a bond with another caregiver early on, it could shape his future situation. The variables might include whether or not the parent lived with them prior to incarceration. It’s also quite possible that the child has already been subjected to damage BEFORE the arrest and incarceration for various reasons. Events leading up to the arrest could also have an impact on the future of this child. Most likely, there has been an unstable environment for some time which has lead up to the arrest.
The article studies an Intervention program with non- violent incarcerated women and their newborns. This program is meant to improve the parent’s caregiving and raise a secure infant-parent attachment. The intervention includes newborns actually being housed with the mothers in a prison nursery while trying for forge a bond and attachment. The report studied associations between mother’s attachments and a number of maternal psychosocial functioning.
While I feel that this program would certainly forge a relationship between mother and newborn baby, forming this attachment, it could also cause distress if the mother has not followed through with the decision to stay free from the prison/jail system and she was incarcerated once again. The text in our book tells us that it is good for an infant to be securely attached to his or her caregiver even to the point that it seems manipulative. The book asks what is wrong with ‘manipulating’ a loved one to end distress. I feel that if the children of these incarcerated women are once again put into this situation, that they will indeed be affected once again. From that point on, trust will be an issue.
I chose this subject because my granddaughter’s mother (Alicia) is presently incarcerated. My granddaughter (Ava) is 7 years old, but she is not new to this situation. Her mother has been arrested many times for offenses that include drug possession, burglary and theft. This behavior started when my granddaughter was about 2 ½ years old.
Ava had a strong bond and attachment to both of her parents and during the first two years of her life her mother was an excellent mother, caregiver and provider. She was the perfect mom, however, a back injury led to an eventual drug habit and the legal problems began.
I believe that in the situation of my granddaughter’s mother, this research was proved correct as there were some issues early on in Alicia’s life with her parents and abandonment. Although Alicia’s parents were not incarcerated, she has become what I call a ‘carrier’ of the effect of loss attachment.
I do not feel that any visits to the facility by...

Other Essays Like Attachment and Human Development

Economic And Human Development In Global North And Global South

2972 words - 12 pages The disparities between the Global North and Global South is accounted by the low level of Economic and Human development in the Global South compared to the Global North. The four underlying factors that contribute to this lack of development in the Global South are Institutions, Culture, Geography, and Imperialism/Colonialism. The Global North refers to “industrialized nations, including West Europe, North America, Japan, Australia, and New

Geography and the Development and Diffusion of Human Societies

976 words - 4 pages Themes in U.S. and World History GKE Task 1 Geography and the Development and Diffusion of Human Societies A. One significant physical geographic factor that contributed to the development of Mesopotamia was the location of, and access to, the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, as well as their tributaries. Located in a region known as the “Fertile Crescent”, Mesopotamia was able to utilize these rivers for transportation and irrigation of

Cross Cultural Psychlogy

2450 words - 10 pages , insecure avoidant and insecure ambivalent/resistant. She concluded that these attachment styles were the result of early interactions with the mother. 2.1. Secure Attachment A secure attachment enables the children to explore - essential for cognitive development figure as a secure base to explore and return to. Therefore children are classified as in secure attachment when they will explore freely while the caregiver is present. They feel

On Kohut and Bowbly

1575 words - 7 pages , his successors have continue to add to his body of work providing richer insights and theories on human psychological development and the significance of early childhood relationships. Heniz Kohut and John Bowlby are but two psychoanalytic theorists who have contributed to Freud’s constellation of the dynamics involved in human consciousness. While Freud’s theories on psychosexual development differ tremendously from the works of Kohut and Bowlby

Attachments, Nativist and Empiricist Theories

562 words - 3 pages Attachments An attachment refers to a close emotional bond from one person to another. In terms of the nativist theory it suggests that attachments are innate. They are pre-programmed, biologically there waiting for nurture. According to Schaffer (1977- 1989), from about 6 weeks, babies develop an attraction to other human beings. (Richard Gross, 1996 pg 550). Nativist theory is more concerned with the biology and genetics. However

Anxiety Disorder

3208 words - 13 pages personality disorder: A study using the Adult Attachment Interview.” Attachment and Human Development, 5: 64–77. Benson, P. L. (2006). All kids are our Kids: What communities must do to raise caring and responsible children and adolescents. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and Loss. Vol. 1: Attachment. London: Pimlico. Quotations from 1997. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and Loss. Vol. 2: Separation

Compare and Contrast the Work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on Understanding

1537 words - 7 pages in her experiments where the children have a secure place from which they can explore the world and then return safely (Bretherton 1992). Similarly, both Harlow and Ainsworth’s studies proved the prevalence of nurture over nature (behaviour over genetics) and that the importance of parental love and affection is vital for normal childhood development. A further similarity is that they both have been criticised following their work on attachment

E100 Tma 01

1791 words - 8 pages social and emotional development in young in do so we are given them a secure attachment which helps them build confidence in make relationships in life as cites study topic 5, John Bowlby and Stern influenced the key work approach to children’ (Goodliff, Underdown and Callan 2012 p.139) My role is a play group assistant and as key person for small group of 7 children ages 2- 3years As key person my role is form relationship with both child and

Middle Childhood

1226 words - 5 pages the cornerstone to every child’s development. This may not form an obvious part of the theories outlined above, but contact with “society” in the early stages of life often consists of the child’s mother and close relatives. It is these relationship between mother and child that are discussed in Bowlby’s (1969) theory of attachment. At birth, the human child is helpless and must rely on the care of other if it is to survive. Its base instinct is

Exam 3 Study G

582 words - 3 pages are the general trends in language development? ✓ What are some ways to test language comprehension early on? ✓ What are overextension and underextension? ✓ Know the evidence for language-like capacities in nonhuman animals Development ✓ What is the evidence that nature and nurture contribute to development? When does nurture begin? ✓ What are some problems associated with studying development? ✓ Know the basic

Compare and Contrast Two Theories/Models of Relationships and Show How They Might Be Utilised by a Therapist Who Is Engaged in Couples Counselling

2696 words - 11 pages ) attachment is defined as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings” by Bowlby(1969) ------------------------------------------------- According to Dollard and Miller (1950) attachment is seen as learned behaviour (the behaviourist approach to attachment) and the infant would be more attached to the care giver who provides food, as survival is the strongest instinct a human being has. As the infant develops the satisfaction of

Related Papers

The Human Development Index And The Inequality Human Development Index

674 words - 3 pages The Human Development Index and the Inequality Human Development Index Human development is defined as the process of enlarging people’s freedoms and opportunities and improving their well-being. Human development is about the real freedom ordinary people have to decide who to be, what to do, and how to live. The human development concept was developed by economist Mahbub ul Haq. At the World Bank in the 1970s, and later as minister of

Human Resource Development, Performance And Reward Management

2192 words - 9 pages organisations goals. The issues being addressed will actively engage and offer recommendations in assisting the regional store manager to effectively perform to the organisations standards. This will consist of the organisations best practice and which features will actively engage in the employees’ performance management. Applying the organization's human resource development (HRD) functions and how they will integrate with the organization's

Occupational Health And Safety In Human Development

2474 words - 10 pages OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT By Dr. Chinyere Nkele FRCS,FWACS, FISPN Abstract Work is recognized as being beneficial for the psychosocial wellbeing of man.During the industrial revolution of the 18th century death andillness arising from work assumed unacceptable proportions. Though some work had been done on the effect of work on health earlier it was in Britain that the first law to regulate health and safety at

Geography And The Development Of Human Society

1537 words - 7 pages Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Society Introduction History is often filled with discussions of great battles and conquests, vast migrations of people and animals, even tremendous climatic events. Less often discussed, but of equal importance, is the role that geography has to play in history, and particularly how geography and certain geographical features can influence the development, or lack thereof, of human