Attaining Expertise Essay

1157 words - 5 pages

Psych 640 week 3 Individual VISUAL AND VERBAL IMAGERY paper
Write a 500- to 700-word magazine article that discusses visual and verbal imagery. Include the following in your article:
A contrast of verbal and visual imagery
An argument about which of these you consider most important
A justification of your argument with research
Include at least three scholarly peer-reviewed articles, in addition to the course text.

Imaginations allow individuals to use information and construct his or her own ideas. For example, individuals can imagine what his or her dream home looks like. This individual can see the home and describe what the home looks like. Anderson (2010) defined mental imagery as ...view middle of the document...

Visual imagery allows individuals to construct a mental image of an object, person, or place. The construction of these mental images allows individuals to coordinate between his or her environment and situations. Visual imagery is a form of learning for some individuals. These individuals need to see or picture what is going on.
Verbal Imagery
Verbal imagery involves the individual recalling what another individual says. Shergill, Bullmore, Brammer, Williams, Murray, and McGuire (2001) explain verbal imagery can occur, “naturally, e.g. when attempting to recall what someone said, but can also be deliberate, e.g. when consciously recalling the sound of someone's voice” (p. 241). Research demonstrates verbal imagery occurs in the temporal cortex of the brain (Shergill, Bullmore, Brammer, Williams, Murray, and McGuire, 2001).
Riding and Calvey (1981) hypothesized the way an individual learns material is affected by how the information is received and retained. A study was conducted in which young students were read a passage and asked a question after the reading (Riding & Calvey, 1981). Individuals who use verbal imagery performed better on the acoustic and semantic passages (Riding & Calvey, 1981). These same individuals had a noticeable performance decline as passages became more descriptive (Riding & Calvey, 1981).
The Most Important Form of Imagery
Brains devote a majority of time processing visual information (Anderson, 2010). Advertisers target consumers through the use of television advertising. Individuals learn about chemical reactions by attempting an experiment to see the results. One of the theories of visual imaging defines visual images as pictures in the individual mind (Powell, 1986). These pictures can be similar to a picture the individual actually sees. Creativity stems from an individual’s imagination. The individual visualizes a picture and attempts to create the picture.
Powell (1986) conducted a study in which individuals viewed a photo or slide. Individuals were required to scan images and decide on an image for the entire display (Powell, 1986). Objects were pointed to, and subjects were asked to identify its location (Powell, 1986). The subject was asked to close his or her eyes and were shown another image. The subjects were to decide if the object was in the correct position (Powell, 1986). The subjects would hear one of the objects and was required to focus on the object while keeping the entire image in his or her mind (Powell, 1986). When the next object was identified, the subjects were to move from the first object to the second watching a black dot moving in a straight line (Powell, 1986).
This study provided valuable...

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