Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
According to Merriam Webster Dictionary (2013), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is defined as a syndrome that consists of disruptive behavior and disordered learning. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is not caused by a physical or mental disorder but by symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsive behavior and inattentiveness.
The debate of whether or not children are being over diagnosed has been ongoing for years. As a parent do you medicate your child and follow the physician’s advice? Only if you have studied up on the medications that are being used to treat this condition and the side effects associated with each drug. There are ...view middle of the document...
The American Heart Association recommends that children be evaluated for heart problems prior to taking a medication for ADHD because it is a stimulant and there is concern for what happens to the heart that is consistently increased due to these medications. Medicine Net (2013) tells us that a recent investigation of the drugs used to treat ADHD could have possible serious side effects. Cardiovascular issues such as heart attack, heart-rate increase, rhythm disturbances and possible stroke could be a cause for concern.
Medicine Net (2013) also indicates that 5%-9% of high school students and 5% to 35% of college-age students report the use of non-prescribed stimulant medication. It appears that these medications are being transferred to other individuals who have not been prescribed the medication. Approximately 16%-29% of people who take these stimulant medications for ADHD report that they have been approached to give, trade or sell the prescription and the most common reason given was that they helped improve studying habits, improved mental alertness or it helped them get energy or high or they were experimenting with drugs.
Simpson & Murphy (2011) state that, “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is shown to be one of the most common mental disorders”. ADHD is a chronic bio behavioral disorder and can lead to academic, social and emotional functioning.
Medicine Net (2013) state that ADHD is more common in boys than girls. Some of the common symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: hyperactivity, impulsiveness, inattention to detail, fidgeting, talking excessively, and easy distracted, forgetful, difficulty organizing tasks, carless mistakes and short attention span.
The Journal School of Nursing (2002), states that it appears that the cause of ADHD is not completely known and is still a mystery. Peacock (2002) states that over the years there have been many suggested causes such as: bad parenting, poor schools, too much TV or too much sugar. However, there are two factors that play a role in the development of it. Genetics is the first and it seems to be common that more than one family member will be diagnosed with ADHD. Most doctors believe that the lack of dopamine, norepinephrine and possibly serotonin is the second factor. Aside from these two important factors there are also other reasons that children may exhibit signs of ADHD. These factors include: lead poisoning, extreme prematurity, thyroid disorder, seizure disorder, traumatic brain injury, nicotine or narcotic use by the mother during pregnancy.
Jaksa (1998) tells us that ADHD is usually diagnosed by physicians or psychiatrists. ADHD symptoms must occur before the age of seven and be present for at least six months. Hyperactivity can be seen in children as early as five. The child would be examined with a thorough medical examination. The medical profession should also discuss with the parents the family history of the child. ...