SAMPLE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Mabini Academy of Lipa City, Batangas, Philippines, was founded as a non-stock, non-profit corporation on June 10, 1922 by Professor Randall A. Rowley, Dean Francisco Benitez, Mrs. Paz M. Benitez, Dr. Jose M. Katigbak, Mrs. Tarcila M. Katigbak, and Miss Emilia Malabanan. It opened on June 12, 1922 with an enrolment of more than one hundred students, two first year classes and one second year class. In June, 1923, a third year class was added, and in June, 1924, the complete high school course was given. On March 25, 1925, it received government recognition. It continued functioning as a secondary school, giving the complete general course ...view middle of the document...
You should draw the reader in and make them want to read the rest of the paper.
The next paragraphs in the introduction should cite previous research in this area. It should cite those who had the idea or ideas first, and should also cite those who have done the most recent and relevant work. You should then go on to explain why more work was necessary (your work, of course.)
What else belongs in the introductory section(s) of your paper? 1. A statement of the goal of the paper: why the study was undertaken, or why the paper was written. Do not repeat the abstract. 2. Sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand the context and significance of the question you are trying to address. 3. Proper acknowledgement of the previous work on which you are building. Sufficient references such that a reader could, by going to the library, achieve a sophisticated understanding of the context and significance of the question. 4. The introduction should be focused on the thesis question(s). All cited work should be directly relevent to the goals of the thesis. This is not a place to summarize everything you have ever read on a subject. 5. Explain the scope of your work, what will and will not be included. 6. A verbal "road map" or verbal "table of contents" guiding the reader to what lies ahead. 7. Is it obvious where introductory material ("old stuff") ends and your contribution ("new stuff") begins? |
Acknowledgments Advisor(s) and anyone who helped you: 1. technically (including materials, supplies) 2. intellectually (assistance, advice) 3. financially (for example, departmental support, travel grants) |
References * cite all ideas, concepts, text, data that are not your own * if you make a statement, back it up with your own data or a reference * all references cited in the text must be listed * cite single-author references by the surname of the author (followed by date of the publication in parenthesis) * ... according to Hays (1994) * ... population growth is one of the greatest environmental concerns facing future generations (Hays, 1994). * cite double-author references by the surnames of both authors (followed by date of the publication in parenthesis) * e.g. Simpson and Hays (1994) * cite more than double-author references by the surname of the first author followed by et al. and then the date of the publication * e.g. Pfirman, Simpson and Hays would be: * Pfirman et al. (1994) * do not use footnotes * list all references cited in the text in alphabetical order using the following format for different types of material: * Hunt, S. (1966) Carbohydrate and amino acid composition of the egg capsules of the whelk. Nature, 210, 436-437. * National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1997) Commonly asked questions about ozone. http://www.noaa.gov/public-affairs/grounders/ozo1.html, 9/27/97. * Pfirman, S.L., M. Stute, H.J....