Balboa, a Spanish conqueror and explorer.
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa, a Spanish conqueror and explorer, was the first to see the coast of the Pacific Ocean. He saw the ocean in September of 1513, from the top of a mountain of what is now Panama. On September 29, 1523, Balboa claimed it and all its shores for Spain. His findings opened Spanish explorations and conquests along the western coast of
South America began.
The Spanish called the ocean the South Sea because it lay south of the isthmus of Panama. In 1520 a Portuguese explorer named Ferdinand Magellan sailed through it and named it the Pacific, meaning peaceful, which until this day the name remains the same.
Balboa´s early ...view middle of the document...
In 1510, Vasco stowed away on a ship that carried some supplies and new settlers to the colony.
When they reached the mainland, they met some of the San Sebastian settlers who had abandoned the settlement because they lacked food and the Indians were very dangerous there. The two groups united and went back to San Sebastian. Balboa, who had more
experience on the continent than the rest, suggested moving to the western side of the gulf. They moved there and established the town of Santa Maria de la Antigua del Darien, usually called Darien.
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa became governor of Darien. He led some expeditions to Panama, conquering some Indians and making agreements with others in the same area. In 1511 Indians told Balboa of a land called Tubanama, where he could find a lot of gold and other riches. The Indians said this land was located across the mountain near a great sea.
Even though Balboa had only a weak to claim to the governorship of Darien, he wanted to please Kind Ferdinand of Spain. In September, 1513, Balboa led an expedition from Darien. The group included 190 Spaniards and a large number of Indians. During the
third week of the trip, Balboa´s Indian guides told him the ocean could be seen from a nearby mountain.
Balboa, without his men, advanced to the peak where he sighted the Pacific.
The Spaniards found many riches including gold and...