Barack Obama made history in June 2008, when he became the first African American to head a major party ticket in a presidential election. He edged out Sen. Hillary Clinton in the race for the Democratic presidential nomination after a long and often bitter primary season. He ran as the candidate of change and made hope the center of his campaign. He's to face Sen. John McCain in the general election. Obama's platform has focused on advocating for working families and poor communities, education, caring for the environment, and ethics reform.
Obama was born in Hawaii in 1961 to an American mother and a Kenyan father. When he was two, his parents, who had met as students at the University of Hawaii, divorced. Obama's Harvard-educated father then returned to Kenya, where he worked in the economics ministry. Obama lived in Indonesia with his mother and stepfather for part of his childhood, returning to Hawaii to finish high school. He graduated from Columbia ...view middle of the document...
Obama became the only African-American serving in the U.S. Senate (and the fifth in U.S. history). Obama's idealism, commitment to civil rights and telegenic good looks generated enormous media attention for his Senate campaign. The eloquence of his keynote address at the 2004 Democratic Nation Convention in Boston, Mass., confirmed his status as one of the Democratic Partyâ€™s freshest and most inspirational new leaders.
Obama published an autobiography, Dreams from My Father, in 1995; it became a best-seller during his 2004 Senate campaign. His next autobiography, The Audacity of Hope, became a bestseller after its Oct. 2006 publication, and won both the Black Caucus of the American Library Association Literary Awards and the NAACP Image Awards in 2007. He is married to Michelle Obama, a Chicago native who also graduated from Harvard Law School. They have two daughters: Malia Ann and Sasha.
In Iraq Obama is gone to immediately begin to remove troops. He will remove one to two combat brigades each month. All combat brigades will be out within 16 months. Heâ€™ll engage representatives from all levels of Iraqi societies to seek new accord on Iraq's Constitution and governance. There will be no permanent bases in Iraq.
He supports a cap-and-trade system to reduce carbon emissions to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050.
Obama plans to develop domestic incentives that reward forest owners, farmers, and ranchers when they plant trees, build up grasslands, or attempt farming practices that capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
Invest $150 billion over 10 years to advance the next generation of biofuels and fuel infrastructure, accelerate the commercialization of plug-in hybrids, promote development of commercial-scale renewable energy, invest in low-emissions coal plants, and begin the transition to a new digital electricity grid
Establish a 25% federal Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) to require that 25% of electricity consumed in the U.S. be derived from clean, sustainable energy sources, like solar, wind and geothermal by 2025
Require 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels to be included in the fuel supply by 2022 and increase that to at least 60 billion gallons of advanced biofuels like cellulosic ethanol by 2030