Complementary essay on Bariatric Surgery
English 112: Composition
Professor Robert Zancy
In a world where fast food is preferred over home cooked meals, due to convenient drive-through lanes, obesity has become an epidemic throughout America. According to the Mayo Clinic “Almost two-thirds of Americans are classified as overweight, obese, or extremely (morbidly) obese and these numbers are expected to increase.”(Curry, 2003) Obesity is basically the buildup of body fat, which usually is around 20% or more over the ideal body weight. The division of medicine that treats and manages of obesity is known as bariatrics. Obesity has become a key health ...view middle of the document...
Obesity is a major health problem not only because of its serious health consequences including: increased mortality risk, and associated social, psychological and economic costs. It is associated with social isolation, bullying, and discrimination from pears especially as children. This leads to psychological torment and depression which that later can lead to less successful adherence to weight loss programs (Canetti 2014). Obesity-related stigma persists through adolescence and adulthood. Natural weight loss is a very difficult and lengthy process, due to medical complications it is recommended to take the conservative approach and treatment for obesity. Insurance companies’ control who is able to qualify for gastric bypass surgery based upon medical complications as it relates to the patient’s body mass index. Natural weight loss is only effective if a person has no hormonal or other medical issues which could prevent a person from losing weight. Natural weight loss can also be difficult if a morbidly obese person is immobile. Also, natural weight loss assumes that the patient has time, money and resources to exercise, or have access to healthy foods at the grocery store. Individuals who are within a lower socioeconomic group may have difficulty purchasing healthy produce and lean meats due to constrictions of electronic benefit transfer or cash-aid.
Gastric bypass surgery reduces the size of the stomach and allows food to bypass portions of the small intestine. This change results in the patient to feel their appetite full more quickly, this in turn reduces the amount of food and intake of calories. This mechanism for weight loss is significant and does the skip the fat absorbing phase because of the bypass of the intestine. All of these effects of the bypass surgery causes amazing 80% reduction in excess body fat.
However, an individual who is morbidly obese may be re-traumatized by a physician who is trying to impose bariatric surgery along with several current legal and ethical issues. Legally, mandating medical treatment requires a conservatorship, durable power of attorney or requires the consent several physicians on a committee. Ethically, the individual may feel that their autonomy has been revoked. Politically, society may believe that forcing gastric bypass on a morbidly obese individual is the gateway medical procedure and may be the impetus for several other controversial medical procedures which are forced onto constituents. Also, gastric bypass is a complicated medical procedure and if a patient dies on the operating table, several entities could be held liable. The government, insurance company, hospital, and physician could all be held liable. Also, the political implications of writing a bill to propose bariatric surgery on morbidly obese individuals is highly controversial and costly.
In today’s society there is a strict image portrayed by the media on what we should be. They have defined how we should look and...