ï»¿The main sources of modern law in the United States are the Constitutions. These consist of the Constitution of the United States of America and state constitutions. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land (Cheeseman, 2013, p. 11). For example the Constitution has been used to help change civil rights through statements like all men are created equal. The increasing world economy makes treaties more important when dealing with other countries. Treaties are usually made between the U.S and other countries to try to open favorable trade. An example would be when a hostile nation gets a new leader we may make a treaty with them to open trade. The next influence on modern law is codified law or commonly called statutes and ...view middle of the document...
An example of a local ordinance is the town I live next to has a noise ordinance within town limits. This is important because the smaller towns and communities know what may be needed in their specific area. Executive orders are an order issued by a member of the executive branch of government (Cheeseman, 2013). For example Obama passed an executive order on classified national security information. Many times these are used in times of war or when we are they are trying to prevent something they feel is a threat. Regulations and orders of administrative agencies are used to enforce and interpret statutes enacted by Congress and state legislatures (Cheeseman, 2013). A funny regulation I saw recently was a regulation against the Amish for selling unauthorized or raw milk. Judicial decisions are used in many cases today because it is taking the wisdom of past cases and decisions and applying them to cases that contain the same circumstances. An example of a past decision that has affected modern law is Miranda v. Arizona which states that police most read your rights before questioning.
The U.S Constitution and treaties take precedence over the other laws in the United States. Federal statutes take precedence over federal regulations just as state statutes take precedence over state regulations. A valid federal law will take precedence over conflicting state or local law and state constitutions are the highest state law. Valid state law takes precedence over local laws (Cheeseman, 2013).
Cheeseman, H. R. (2013). The legal environment of business and online commerce: Business ethics, e-commerce, regulatory, and international issues (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.