Associate Level Material
Research Methods Matrix
A psychologist is planning to conduct a study that would examine pathological liars and the quality of their romantic relationships. You have been asked to provide the psychologist with a recommendation for which research method should be used to gather data on the pathological liars and their spouses.
Using the table below list each research method and its advantages and disadvantages for use in this study.
|Research Method |Advantages |Disadvantages |
|Naturalistic Observation – the study of a |Behavior is in a natural ...view middle of the document...
|Case Study(s) – a detailed description of |Information can be obtained from a variety of|Does not give an exact explanation(s) or |
|a single or multiple subject(s) |methods including interviews, psychological |results as subjects always differ in one |
| |tests, and real life observations. Personal |or more forms. Solutions or treatment from|
| |interaction with the subject is usually a |one study may not affect another subject. |
| |preferred method. Studies can be used as a | |
| |guideline for developing solutions. | |
|Surveys – where a carefully selected group|Relatively low cost. Often can generate large|Questions must be structured so as not to |
|of people(s) are asked pre-determined |amounts of useful information. Information |mislead or influence responses. Detailed |
|questions via face-to-face or on paper in |gathered regarding specific scenarios or |information is usually not obtained. Not |
|the form of a questionnaire. |topics can be used as a starting point to |ideal for making predictions, determining |
| |determine correct treatments. |causes, or explaining behavioral |
| | |practices. |
|Correlational research-technique based on |Uncovers a relationship between variables |Does not provide conclusive reasoning for |
|the naturally occurring relationship |that can be used to determine a course or |why the relationship exists. Findings does|
|between two or more variables. |direction for treatment or predictions. |not reveal which variable is the dominant.|
| |Results tend to be more practical to everyday| |