Benin And Cultural Encounters Essay

1577 words - 7 pages

In what ways did cultural encounters between the people of Benin and European visitors change between the sixteenth and late nineteenth centuries?
To begin this essay I sought to clearly outline and define what the term “cultural encounter” means. Through independent research I found that many wrote on the subject of encounters between the times stated, which all contributed to my understanding, as one author wrote; ‘’the term cultural encounters is used to refer to social relations, places and objects. They require mutual adjustment and learning, and seldom take place without conflict. Cultural encounters bring with them movement and change, whether as a result of tourism, migration, ...view middle of the document...

The plaque maker has paid attention to the style of the helmet, the embroidered metal that makes up the amour and the weapons that the boy has in his hand, as he explored the jungle that is depicted decoratively in the background. The plaque is a further demonstration of the sophisticated art of Benin that is further documented throughout chapter 1 in book three, showing that Benin craftsmen had the ability and technology to rival any of their European counterparts. As I suggested before, the art of a nation can give a key indication of how civilised and advance it is; the royal “bronze” works weren’t masks made from wood carvings, drawings on caves or animal hide, as attributed with some African art from the time period. These where meticulously crafted sculptures using the castings of brass, which is a very technically difficult task to undertake and do well without many hours of learning and perfecting.
If I was too summarise this first cultural encounter, it would be to positively expose the Benin’s Art to European explorers. This would lead to a more positive outcome on the supply of raw materials and the trade-off of ivory carvings, which would grant an important lucrative trade throughout Europe, establishing links between Europe and previously undiscovered African Countries. However like any relationship, the newly formed one between Benin and Portuguese explorers was primarily built around the ability to trade with one another, or more cynically the ability for the Portuguese to obtain resources like pepper, ivory and more importantly for them to develop a direct partner in the quest to obtain slaves to be sold on for profit in the Americas and other European areas. It is important not to oversee the importance that the changing map of the discovered world was having an effect on cultural interactions. The 15th and 16th where pivotal centuries in exploration and the finding of previously undiscovered continents.
The earliest encounters did not have the greatest effect, the climate and exposure to the new continent did hamper the earliest explorers with some dying and the rest returning in to more suitable conditions. As the century went on, the Portuguese adapted to the climate and set up the trade and supply links that has been discussed above; they also began to analyse in detail the cultural differences between themselves and the people of Benin. The tolerance of the cultural difference between the two nations, is one of the key differences between the Portuguese and British cultural meetings with Benin. The difference being that the Portuguese where primarily a trading nation, not there to occupy but to establish links between the two continents to gain materials and possession’s they sought, through peaceful dialect and diplomatic relations. It is important to distinguish between the tolerances that both nations show towards Benin culture of the course of the centuries. Two of the earliest resources from the Portuguese...

Other Essays Like Benin and Cultural Encounters

Africa Essay

873 words - 4 pages largely the same as it has been for hundreds of years, as well as sprawling cities with skyscrapers, modern economies, and a mix of international cultural influences.Africa is the birthplace of the human race. Here, early humans evolved from apes between 8 million and 5 million years ago. Modern human beings evolved between 130,000 and 90,000 years ago, and subsequently spread out of Africa. Ancient Egypt, one of the world's first great

Political Instability in Nigeria Essay

5161 words - 21 pages responsible for most of the political, administrative, economic, social and cultural maladies in Nigeria. The data that was used to support this argument was got from the secondary method of data acquisition. At the concluding remark, it is suggested that, indigene-settle phenomenon should be strong discouraged while the Federal Character principles be genuinely implemented at the federal, state and local government levels in other to remove the age long

Cross Cultural Psychology

1582 words - 7 pages Cross-cultural Psychology Elma L. Bunch PSY/450 January 30, 2014 Dr. Angela Ramirez Cross-cultural Psychology A person’s behavior can be swayed by one’s natural disposition, but one cannot under estimate the power of life’s experiences to explain behavior. Many factors shape one’s identity but culture plays a huge role in how and why one behaves a certain ways. Culture consists of beliefs, behaviors, and values common to those that live

Human Trafficking

4610 words - 19 pages prostitutes. Nigerians were trafficked to Europe, the Middle East, and other countries in Africa for the purposes of forced labor, domestic servitude, and sexual exploitation. Girls and women were trafficked for forced prostitution to Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, Cote d'Ivoire, and Benin. Children were trafficked for involuntary domestic and agricultural labor and street peddling within the country and to countries in West and Central

Cage Analysis

1272 words - 6 pages CULTURAL DISTANCE | KENYA | UGANDA | NIGERIA | Diversity | 13 ethnic groups and 27 sub groups. | 3 Major Etnic Tribes: Baganda, Basoga and Bagisu. | 3 Major Ethnic Tribes: Yoruba, Hausa-Fulani and Igbo | Language, Religion, Ethnicity | The Most Spoken Languages are English and Swahili. | The Most Spoken Languages are English, Swahili and Arabic. | Over 250 languages. English is the official language | Gender | 1.02 Males/Female | 1.03

Diversity Issues Paper

1024 words - 5 pages unfamiliar and ambiguous gestures in just the way that person's compatriots and colleagues would" (Early & Mosakowski, p.1, 2004). Cultural intelligence picks up “where emotional intelligence leaves off” (Early & Mosakowski, p.1, 2004). (It has three components which are the cognitive (head), the physical (body) and the emotional/motivational (heart). The cognitive component is the objective component which enables us to understand encounters

Business Communication

544 words - 3 pages ‘Using Films to Learn About The Nature of Cross-cultural Stereotypes in Intercultural Business Communication Courses’ written by Peter W. Cardon from the University of South Carolina has helped shed light on ways instructors can educate their students in the classroom by using multimedia to bring awareness to cultural differences, and to help promote students to interact with one another in real-life situations, either on campus or in their

Linguistic Ettiquete

5352 words - 22 pages well as the Arabic traditions. As previously mentioned, people adhere to these conventions in order to keep open and peaceful channels of communication with each other. This study also discusses the factors that play role in forming greetings by Jordanian people including gender, age, context of situation, and time. The sociolinguistic factors that play a role in forming greetings involve two rules; the socio-cultural and the socio-religious

Developing Intercultural Relationship

678 words - 3 pages encounters are not just a question of trying to achieve outcomes, but also developing standards/methods for achieving those outcomes.   The relationship developed in these encounters could enable a process whereby a third culture emerges.   This is a framework designed to ensure enduring adaptation and survival: shared value systems and increasing interdependence. 10 Building a third culture 11 Conclusion: dynamic cultural interaction The

Marketing Plan

562 words - 3 pages another customer in the service establishment is frustrated-  Positive moods can make customers more obliging and willing to participate in behaviors that help service encounters succeed.  A customer in a good emotional state is probably going to overlook the delays in service.  Moods and emotions influence service customers to be bias in the way they judge service encounters and providers. • Postpurchase evaluation:  The

Emerging Standards of Care

2812 words - 12 pages questions related to cultural norms for the patient as well as his/her use of questioning that elicits a sharing of information by the patient. In addition, cultural skill limits or prevents the occurrences of offense that could arise in information gathering interactions. Cultural skill results in patients feeling assured that their personal beliefs and practices will be taken into account. The fifth and final concept, cultural encounters

Related Papers

How Views About The Benin Plaques Have Changed

1645 words - 7 pages Joseph Eboreime’s description of the Horniman Museums Africa collection and ethnographers Charles Read and Ormonde Daltons interpretation of the British Museums African Galleries using readings 2.6 and 2.7 of AA100 cultural encounters book 3 as well is referring to plates 3.2.22, 3.2.24, 3.2.25 and 3.2.26 of the AA100 illustration book. Regarded as some of the most important cultural symbols of the African continent, the Benin bronzes are highly

Social Structure Essay

1179 words - 5 pages American Intercontinental University Social Structure HUMA 215 – Topics in Cultural Studies 9/8/12 Abstract Cultural syncretism has transformed and shaped our world today; because of encounters years and centuries before our time we have religion and even art. Our modern culture was contributed to by the happenings of yesterday. Social Structure Introduction The legacies of cultural syncretism in the Americas and Africa can be

Ghana Culture And People Essay

971 words - 4 pages tribe  Language is Twi, widely spoken by many  Southeastern part of Ghana / Part of Togo&Benin  Language is Ewe  Akan people, south western costal region  Language Fante  Ga-Adangbe, 8% of Ghana’s population  Coastal region of Greater Accra (Accra, Tema, etc)  Large in the northern region of Ghana  Language Dagomba and Hausa Ewe Fante Ga Dagomba 7 6. Ethnic Name Day born Names DAY Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesady

Oic Term Paper

1042 words - 5 pages | |  Gabon | 1974 | |  Egypt | 1969 | Suspended May 1979 - March 1984 | Economic Cooperation Organisation | 1995 | |  Djibouti | 1978 | |  Côte d'Ivoire | 2001 | |  Comoros | 1976 | |  Chad | 1969 | |  Central African Republic | 1997 | |  Cameroon | 1975 | |  Burkina Faso | 1975 | |  Brunei | 1984 | |  Bosnia and Herzegovina | 1994 | |  Benin | 1982 | |  Bangladesh | 1974 | |  Bahrain | 1970