This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Berlin Conference Essay

1237 words - 5 pages

The French, The British, And The Berlin Conference

The Berlin Conference of 1884 and 1885 regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period. The outcome, which was the General Act of the Berlin Conference, is also seen as the Scramble for Africa. The conference created a period of heightened colonial activity with the European powers and had basically eliminated almost all forms of self government in the countries of Africa. By 1914 France and Britain controlled the most land of all the European powers that were present in Africa. The Berlin Conference helped Britain and France to expand enormously in Africa.
In 1914 the French had claimed over what ...view middle of the document...

By 1914 the British controlled more than what now today in Africa would be fifteen different countries. The British territories at this time spanned the area from the Cape Colony of South Africa all the way to Egypt.
In 1875, one of the most important and powerful territorial holdings by a European power in Africa was the entire Cape Kingdom; which is now all of South Africa. In 1882, the British’s military occupation of Egypt, caused by a race for the Suez Canal, contributed to securing the Nile Valley. And, the British possession of the Nile Valley led to the conquest of the neighboring territory of Sudan.
The British at the time of 1914, thirty years after the Berlin Conference in 1884 and 1885, had made huge advances in the form of territorial control in Africa. At this point after the Berlin Conference, Britain controlled all of South Africa, Zambia, Kenya, Sudan, Egypt, Nigeria, Ghana, and more. Having territory in the almost every part of the continent except for the northwestern area from Nigeria to Gambia up, gave Britain a huge advantage in having an access to almost all the resources over the entire continent.

The occupation of Egypt and the acquisition of the Congo were the first major moves in what came to be a scramble for African territory. In 1884, Otto von Bismarck convened the 1884-85 Berlin Conference to discuss the problem in Africa. At the Berlin Conference diplomats condemned the slave trade, prohibited the sale of firearms and alcoholic beverages in certain areas, and expressed a major concern for missionary activities. The diplomats in Berlin put down rules of competition of by which the European powers were guided by in seeking colonies.
The conference ruled that no nation would be able to stake claims in Africa without notifying other European powers of the given power’s intentions. And that no territory could be formally claimed before to being occupied by the given power wanting to claim it. The competitors of the powers involved in this “scramble for Africa” would often ignore the rules when convenient for there to be a gain for them and war was just barely avoided on many occasions.
An example of this ignorant action for personal gain where the spark of a war was created but the flame never caught, would be the Fashoda Incident. The Fashoda Incident of 1898 was the climax of imperial disputes between Britain and France; who at the time were the largest, most powerful, and held the greatest amount of territory out of all the powers involved. The incident was a product of the British and the French wanting to have an...

Other Essays Like Berlin Conference

How Far Do You Agree That the Actions of the Ussr Were Primarily Responsible for the Division of Germany in 1949?

609 words - 3 pages democracy to German politics was agreed in 1945 at Potsdam. * The Red Scare became a prominent issue in America. * Stalin also set up Cominform, which organized various socialist parties throughout the eastern bloc. Stalin’s Berlin Blockade * From June 1948 to May 1949 Stalin imposed the Berlin Blockade. * The blockade removed the Allies ability to transport supplies to western Berlin via land or river. * The allies began to

The Origins Of The Cold War

1074 words - 5 pages Conference of 1945, the differences between communism and capitalism, the 'Iron curtain' speech and Marshall Aid. Through looking at these we are able to comprehend the main reasons behind the development of the Cold War. It can be said that the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 which marked the emergence of Communism as a state power is a logical staring point for the Cold War. It was in the November of 1917 that the Bolsheviks

To What Extent Did The US Deterrence Successfully Contain Communism?

1237 words - 5 pages The US was determined to implement a foreign policy of containment towards the USSR since the beginning of 1945. The US disagreed to requests Stalin made at the Yalta and Potsdam conference, which served to limit Stalin's power and control over Europe. President Truman became even more concerned after receiving George Kennan's Long Telegram in February 1946. This telegram was sent by the US ambassador in Moscow, reporting on the destructive

Notes On First And Second Bulgarian Crisis

1334 words - 6 pages to Austro-British hostility and a threat of war, Russia agreed to revise at an international conference.-During conference Greater Bulgaria was then divided into three, a part under Russian supervision, one independent under Turkish Emperor, and Macedonia was returned to the Turkish-The great powers also gained a few things (Britain gained a bit of land out of this conference), Russia recovered Besserabia, acquired a valuable port. Either protest

Germany's History Post 1945

2375 words - 10 pages ).Following the defeat of Germany in World War II, the heads of government of three of the victorious nations: the Soviet Union, Britain and the United States, held a conference to decide how to administer the defeated Nazi Germany. This was done through the Potsdam Conference, which took place in July of 1945: 9 weeks after Germany's unconditional surrender. (Pulzer, p. xi) Germany was then divided into 4 occupational zones between France, Britain, the

The Kyoto Protocol

626 words - 3 pages . They therefore included a series of review mechanisms in the Convention to ensure that its commitments could be tightened in the future. The first review mechanism kicked in at the first session of the Conference of the Parties, held in Berlin in March/April 1995, where, in a decision known as the "Berlin Mandate", Parties agreed that the specific commitments in the Convention for Annex I Parties were not adequate. Thus, they launched a new

Africa-Non Western Culture

928 words - 4 pages changes began. In 1884, a conference was held in Berlin with several major European powers, including representatives of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (union until 1905), and the Ottoman Empire. It was at this historic conference that these representatives began what was known as the 'Scramble for Africa', and "carved it up," agreeing with each other

Was the Impact of the Wannsee Conference Significant to the Increase of Anti-Semitism from 1942-1945?

2126 words - 9 pages Called together by Reinhard Heydrich on January of 1942 in Berlin, the Wannsee Conference was the location of where the “Final Solution” was arranged and discussed among Government leaders and head Nazi officials. Addressed will be the question if the impact of the Wannsee Conference was significant to the increase of anti-Semitism from 1942-1945. Both primary and secondary sources will be used to investigate a comparison of anti-Semitic methods

To What Extent Were Ideologies Important in the Bringing of the Cold War?

1597 words - 7 pages period. This starts with the treaty of Rapallo signed on the 16th of April 1922 between the Weimar Republic and the Soviet Union where both governments decided to “co-operate in a spirit of mutual goodwill in meeting economic needs of both countries.” This new alliance would permit to these two rejected nations to be able to defend themselves and be able to rebuilt a military and defence. Four years later, the Treaty of Berlin (264th April

World War Ll

617 words - 3 pages * Minister of propaganda * Gave cyanide to 6 children * Killed himself when Hitler died * Controlled media * Ernest Rohm * Hitler’s closest friend * Head of SA (Brownshirts) * Murdered in the Night of Long Knives- thought of as a threat * Martin Borman * Controlled inner workings of the party * Not liked * Died outside of Berlin in 1948

Dwight D Eisenhower

624 words - 3 pages troops sent to Central High in Little Rock, Arkansas 1958 Explorer I in orbit Berlin crisis begins- series of problems that occurred after militants were rejected withdrawal from Western Armed Forces. 1959 St. Lawrence Seaway opened- he common name for a system of locks, canals and channels that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes, as far inland as the western end of Lake Superior

Related Papers

The Berlin Conference And Its Effect Upon Africa

1088 words - 5 pages backward and unenlightened natives, freeing them from slavery, only to enter into a different form, known as wage labor. The Berlin Conference of 1884 personified one of the core ideas of “New Imperialism”, free trade, and supported economic liberty for all, yet it caused strife between the colonizing powers, leading to several conflicts regarding control of the locales of African resources. Perhaps the most famous of the African imperialist

The Berlin Wall Essay

4222 words - 17 pages The Berlin Wall Today people belong to the CNN generation. Any time an event happens in the world today people turn to CNN. In recent years, the Gulf War, and the events in Bosnia have been headliners. In 1989, one event monopolized the airways of CNN, THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL. I remember seeing this, and thinking how little I knew about this event. The fall of the Berlin Wall succeeded in one aspect that today is still not been

Research Paper Berlin Wall

4185 words - 17 pages The Berlin Wall and Its Significance to the World Written by: Ammon Tenney Prepared for: Professor Betsy Anderson Contemporary History 06/16/2014 The Berlin Wall In 1989, one event captured the attention of the world, The Fall of the Berlin Wall. I remember seeing this, and thinking how little I knew about this event. The fall of the Berlin Wall succeeded in one aspect that today is still not been rectified; The Berlin Wall divided

History To What Extend Was The Fall Of The Berlin Wall Caused By Public Unrest?

2198 words - 9 pages policies, himself wondering what has been decided. At 19:00 o'clock, Ricardo Ehrman from the Italian press agency asked “When does this policy become effective?”[13] Schabowski replied spluttering: “As far as I know,...it will eventuate prompt, immediately.” What he did not know was that this conference was broadcasted live. Masses of people started running to the wall, demanding to let them enter West Berlin, nobody was allowed to enter