Bhopal Case Essay

587 words - 3 pages

TOXIC GAS EXPOSED POPULATION OF BHOPAL Toxic Gas Leak and Its Aftermath Sudden leakage of tons of Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) from a storage tank at the Union Carbide Factory in Bhopal on the night of 2nd-3rd December, 1984, had caused death of more than 2,000 people over the following 3 days, from amongst an estimated population of over 5 lacs (out of a total of 8 lacs) who were actually exposed to the toxic MIC and its reaction products together called toxic gas. The circumstances under which the toxic gas leaked from the Union Carbide Factory, and what followed are described in the first ICMR Technical Report : Population Based Long Term Epidemiological Studies (1985-1994)1. Based on the prevailing meteorological conditions it was observed that strong inversion currents prevailed at that time of the night slowly drifted the toxic cloud, affecting both human and plant life along its ...view middle of the document...

Thousands of very sick people thronged the corridors of the hospitals; gasping for breath, frothing at mouth, congested watery eyes unable to see clearly, retching and vomiting, with fear and panic writ large on their face. A team of local doctors including the Gandhi Medical College staff, paramedical and social workers under the able and dynamic leadership of Dr.N.P.Misra promptly moved into action to organize medical relief to the lacs of suffering people, thus saving thousands of lives. They also looked at the totality of the problems created by the disaster so that immediate and long term medical relief measures could be organised. A quick estimate suggested that approximately 100,000 persons residing in areas close to the Union Carbide Factory would have been exposed to relatively higher concentration of the potentially lethal toxic gas than the areas farther away. Inhalational deaths occurred instantly at home, in streets and in hospitals. Besides the dead, lacs of the exposees constituting about 60% of the total 8 lac population of Bhopal suffered from respiratory, ophthalmic, musculoskeletal, neuropsychiatric and gastrointestinal symptoms. While the healthcare providers with severely constrained infrastructure grappled with the gigantic task of providing medical relief to save lives, the scientists across the country who had immediately realized the gravity and complexity of the situation were deeply concerned with the following long term aspects of the disaster: 1. 2. 3. The observed mortality and morbidity pattern clearly indicated that the toxic gas was potentially lethal and may cause many more deaths and diseases in the near and distant future. It was most disturbing that nothing was known about the exact composition of the toxic gas or its antidotes. MIC being a highly reactive chemical may adversely affect the pregnancy outcome, causing abortions, still births or congenital anomalies. There was also the possibility of the incidence of cancers going up

Other Essays Like Bhopal Case

Chemistry a Curse or a Blessing?

531 words - 3 pages gas resulting in public warnings to keep the windows closed to the terrible accidents in Seveso and Bhopal during the 1970s and 1980s. This leads us to develop a profound sense of uneasiness when we think about chemistry. Chemistry harms man and beast alike; chemistry pollutes the environment; chemistry is simply a bad thing. Is it really true? Simply let yourself run through one whole day in your life and pay attention to all the places

Business Ethic Essay

1440 words - 6 pages chemical industry should be away from people and public facilities. Companies and Indian government didn’t mitigate and create scenario in case of emergency such us gas leaked. And the important point is how the low safety system was implemented in the chemical industry. Bhopal tragedy given lesson learnt that the cost of reduction should not be applied in safety system. One of very good case regarding the protection to the people is Tylenol

Environmental pollution

1160 words - 5 pages bleak. The factories are mostly built in populated areas and the smoke-emitting vehicles ply through the congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, there are increasing case of pulmonary tuberculosis and thrombosis and various sorts of brain and heart complications. Air-pollution may cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc. Soil-pollution may have negative effect on farm output ratio. It can also

Leather Industry

3735 words - 15 pages amenities like water and sanitation; * Slum-lords manipulated the whole show by renting the houses to others and expropriating exorbitant amount of money; There are many disasters which have an impact which goes far beyond a particular house or neighbourhood, as a result of industrial or other accidents. Bhopal shows an example, when an industrial accident in 1984 released methyl iso-cyanate and caused the death over 3000 with perhaps 100,000 or

Life Insurance

4269 words - 18 pages life insurance or of the general insurance, as the case may be. Central Government may exempt an insurance company from the provisions of the Rules if it is satisfied that an insurance company has already grievance redressal machinery which fulfills the requirements of the Rules. The objects of the Rules are to resolve all complaints relating to settlement of claim on the part of the insurance companies in cost effective, efficient and impartial

Reliance Comm

2191 words - 9 pages wireless access (BWA) spectrum auction in India ended. However, RCom said that it exited the broadband wireless access (BWA) auction a week before, after auction prices significantly exceeded its business case estimates. They are planning to focus on broadband wireless through 3G-ready pan India CDMA. RCOM has 3G spectrum for 13 circles. RCOM also said that they prefer “LTE standard offering a single evolution path for both, CDMA & GSM networks

Understanding Corporate Complicity: Extending the Notion Beyond Existing Laws

2991 words - 12 pages added). A legal or moral case? Corporate complicity is an emerging area of law – it is also an area where moral questions are as important as legal ones – at least until there is more legal clarity - of what is good practice, what is right and wrong, fair and unfair. It extends from a situation where a company has knowingly funded, supported or benefited from human rights abuse to a situation where it has been a silent witness of abuse

Crime and Deviance

2697 words - 11 pages this stop and search laws were implemented. However according to Hall’s study this was not the case, mugging was not a new crime but it had not been reported in the media before the 1970’s. Hall stated that Britain was in a period of “crisis” where there was an increase in strikes and the inner cities were in a state of turmoil. The ideological hold over parts of society were weakening and by having a stop and search policy, it gave the

Csr: a Journey Towards Sustainability

5169 words - 21 pages “Corporate Social Responsibility: A Journey towards sustainability Case Study on Ballarpur Industries Ltd.” in reference to Yamunanagar Plant” *Ms. Shilpa Jain **Mr. Abhishek Tripathi Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… CSR is not new to India; companies like TATA and BIRLA have been imbibing the case for social good in their operations for decades long before CSR become a popular cause. Inspite of having such

Technology and Indian Banking Sector

3281 words - 14 pages , Pune, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Chandigarh, Kochi, Jaipur, Bhopal, Patna, Bhubaneshwar, Thiruvananthapuram, Guwahati, Panaji Jammu. Society for Worldwide Inter-bank Financial Telecommunication (S.W.I.F.T): The S.W.I.F.T provides reliable and expeditious telecommunication facilities for exchange of financial message all over the world. The gateway is in Mumbai and efforts are on to other cities through leased lines/public data network. The

Accounting Fraud

4191 words - 17 pages orchestrated upon thousands of innocent employees and investors. And absolutely no one at HUD, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac was called to task for bad policies that pressured banks to make bad loans that ultimately led to the housing disaster. Had an individual saboteur caused the BP or Union Carbide Bhopal disaster, I think that the person would sit in jail for quite some time; but when it's a faceless company or a government beauraucracy, it's

Related Papers

Union Carbide’s Bhopal Plant Case Study

1048 words - 5 pages A tragic accident occurred on December 3, 1984 in Bhopal, India. A pesticide manufacturing plant, owned by a US company began leaking methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas. Union Carbide owned 51% of the plant while 49% as owned by India’s government and citizens. That evening an overnight a maintenance worker notices a high pressure reading on one of the storage tanks, before the supervisor was able to put out an alert, at least five tons of MIC gas

Charges Against Warren Anderson And Others Summary

769 words - 4 pages years.[5] • A US court rejected the law suit blaming UCC for causing soil and water pollution around the site of the plant and ruled that responsibility for remedial measures or related claims rested with the State Government and not with UCC declared a fugitive from justice by the Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal on 1 February 1992 for failing to appear at the court hearings in a culpable homicide case in which he was named the chief

International Essay

3038 words - 13 pages by the number of faculty turnover, the head office started a practice of recruiting only those faculties willing to sign a bond of 3 years. The organization started a practice of taking a deposit of Rupees 5000 from the joining faculty, which would be refunded after 3 years. In case the faculty left before this duration, the deposit stood forfeited. This policy further reduced the quality of faculty joining Swastik Computer Systems, Bhopal

Mobile Fluorite Quarry Crusher Essay

571 words - 3 pages , recycled broken concrete Stone crusher for sale in india,stone crusher machine Dedicated to your success. Welcome to the Shanghai double equipment internet site. Double is one of the biggest manufacturer, exporter and supplier in crushing and CGM Quarrying machines: complete crushing and CGM Mining case. CGM Mining quarry equipments includes primary crushing machines such as PE series jaw crusher, secondary crushing machines such as impact