This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Bible: Commentary, Dictionary, And Joruanal Of Biblical Literature

3000 words - 12 pages

New Testament Research Project |
Journal of Biblical Literature
When did angels become demons? The articles attempts to tackle the issue of Christian mythical folklore verses what is actually written as scripture throughout the Old and New Testaments. The author continues with the basis that as the Christian religion accepted the fallen angels which were cast out with Satan as demonic evil impure creatures. Ancient Jews did not have that same thinking on the subject. He later adds evidence to support his view that this was made up by Christian writers later in the 2nd century.
He describes in the article that the Jews thought of angels and demons as two separate species that should not be ...view middle of the document...

The offspring that were born from the unions and became giants and later killed, and their spirits that arose became evil. He asserts they were never considered demons.
In the section title “The New Testament,” the author made the following statement; “Nowhere in the NT are demons equated with angels, fallen or otherwise. And no etiology of demons is supplied” (Martin, 2010, p. 673). He suggest that through reference throughout the New Testament that readers of that era could have made that assumption as well as today.
Reading this article it had never occurred to me that fallen angels were not considered demons. That seems to be the standard Sunday school and Church sermon doctrine taught and preached throughout the Christian religion. However, he author is basically suggesting that through laziness on the part of translators in deciphering the Hebrew language, important meanings were lost.
Not being a theologian I found some parts difficult to understand. It seemed that he never really explained what happened to the angels once they were cast out of heaven. In his argument he tossed around the usage of the terms evil spirits and demons as used in the New Testament. How Mark and Luke referred to the terms differently throughout their letters. Yet the connection between the New Testament and the Torah seemed to be disconnected in his explanation.
While it seems the majority of his research dwelled into analysis of the origin of the word “daimons” used in reference to demons; I thought the article was going to dig deeper into the Churches stand on the fallen angels. What they actually taught the congregations of the 1st through the 4th century’s and beyond. Or if there has been any attempt to come with a consensus with the Jewish Rabbis to establish what happened to the fallen angels and the correct identity of demons. In light of so little references to actual word demon in the New Testament.

Bible Dictionary
The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary is a one volume dictionary with 1094. It is based on the Bijbelse Encyclopedia, which was first published in 1950 F.W. Grosheide. The 1987 copyrighted edition I was able to get at the public library show Allen C. Meyers as the revision editor. The book reflects discoveries in archaeology, biblical, literary, sociological scholarship issues. Focus of the book is still on the biblical scholarly endeavors, but expansion to other areas including the books in the bible to encourage critical thinking were taken into account during revision of this particular dictionary.
It contains the following: preface, contributors, abbreviations, alphabetize text information, and on the inside back cover a transliteration scheme: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek letters. The dictionary contains almost 5000 items associated with identifying facts, markers, people, and places throughout the bible. All major geographical regions to include, but not limited to the Mediterranean and Near Eastern areas.
Terms and languages were...

Other Essays Like Bible: Commentary, Dictionary, and Joruanal of Biblical Literature

Present And Discuss The Interpretation In The Kabbalistic Tradition Of One Or More Passages From The Hebrew Bible

2588 words - 11 pages The element of mysticism in Judaism is that which is commonly referred to as Kabbalah. Kabbalah is an area of Judaism that seeks to - as much as is humanly possible - comprehend the inner workings of God through analyzing the commandments of God, and the writings of Jewish ancestry. The Torah is Jewish law. This refers to oral law and orthodox texts such as the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) or the first 5 books of the Old Testament. The Zohar is

Critical Book Review Of "In The Beginning: The Story Of The King James Bible And How It Changed A Nation, A Language And A Culture" By Alister McGrath

1355 words - 6 pages Almost four hundred years since its initial publication in 1611, the King James Bible has come to dominate the English-speaking Christian world and is commonly hailed as a literary achievement with a complex and humble beginning. Alister McGrath attempts to illustrate the intricate social, political and economic background throughout England and the rest of Europe that was the foundation for the creation of the King James Version of the Bible

Why Is Of Mice And Men A Good Piece Of Literature

840 words - 4 pages Why is this a good piece of literature?What does a book need to be a good piece of literature? The novel Of Mice and Men written by Steinbeck is a book about a life of a ranch worker and their struggle. George and Lennie struggle to achieve the common dream during the age of the Great Depression. Steinbeck, the author, grew in Salinas California and was born in 1902. When he worked as a writer there was the Great Depression in the US. He was

The Essence of Literature is in the Tension Between Emotion and Intellect

1553 words - 7 pages THE ESSENCE OF LITERATURE IS IN THE TENSION BETWEEN EMOTION AND INTELLECT We often blame our mistakes on irrational decisions – things done in the heat of the moment. We say that ‘our emotion got the better of us’. But realistically we would be nothing without our emotion. Without emotion, life becomes sterile, silly, and actually without substance. It is in the finite balance of emotion and reasoning that true life exists. The

The Pyschological Results Of War, Using "Catch-22 By" Joseph Heller, And "The Red Badge Of Courage" By Stephen Crane As Examples From Literature

2211 words - 9 pages occurred. The effects of war on soldiers are not present only after the battle itself; there have been many documented cases of psychological stress during combat. The horrors of war can and have changed the lives and mindset of countless people. In literature, popular and classic stories usually involve conflict. Perhaps the greatest conflict of all time is war. Various authors have portrayed war as a terrible thing that shouldn't be dealt with

‘the Role of Women in Literature Often Reflects Contemporary Social and Cultural Concerns About Gender.’ Compare and Contrast How and for What Purposes the Role of Women Is Presented in Your Chosen...

3076 words - 13 pages ‘The role of women in literature often reflects contemporary social and cultural concerns about gender.’ Compare and contrast how and for what purposes the role of women is presented in your chosen texts. Wasp Factory Dracula Ariel The role of women in literature often reflects contemporary social and cultural concerns about gender and power; this can be seen within the three texts, Bram Stoker’s, ‘Dracula’, first published in

GCSE English Coursework-Romeo And Juliet Part A- Literature-Explore The Roles Of Parents In "Romeo And Juliet"

2854 words - 12 pages IntroductionWilliam Shakespeare is one of the greatest play writes of all time. A writer who dramatized such an incomparable range and variety of human kinds and experiences. Shakespeare was born in April 1564 in Stratford upon Avon. During his time he managed to write fifty plays and several poems. One of Shakespeare's greatest talents was that he was able to write characters that were further ahead of his time. The fifteenth century was a very

New Testament Bible Dictionary Project

666 words - 3 pages Johnson BIBL 104 July 4, 2016 New Testament Bible Dictionary Project John The authorship of the fourth Gospel is John the apostle, son of Zebedee, brother of James who identifies himself as “the disciple Jesus loved”(Hindson & Towns, 2015) and written toward the end of the first century A.D. 90 (Gangel, 2000). The primary literary genre is narrative. The purpose of the Gospel of John found in John 20:30-31 which is to convince readers

Literacy Assignment- Book of Esther

2477 words - 10 pages enemies of the Israelites. Mordecai was also a kinsman of King Saul, who was a direct enemy of Agag. Consequently, the conflict between Mordecai and Haman was symbolically significant, because it more broadly represented the long-standing conflict between the nations of Israel and Amalek. Source: “Haman.” The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Ed. David Noel Freedman. 1992. Print. 12. Information: King Xerxes was highly ambitious, attempting and failing to

The Bible Among Myths By John Oswalt

3540 words - 15 pages beyond how our minds are shaped. Chapter 4 As individuals we all think differently and our views are shaped through other opinions that result in sources. A good point made about the Old Testament is that it has been unchanging, The Bible is a primary source that has no lack in the information provided. According to the Webster dictionary. Monotheism is the belief of one God; I learned this recently and can

Theo 201 Short Essay 1

867 words - 4 pages inerrancy are biblical, historical, and epistemological (Feinberg). The Biblical argument for inerrancy deals with the evidence within the Scripture itself. The Bible teaches its own authority and inspiration, parallels can made between prophets and the Bible in that the authors of the Bible and the prophets were both used as agents of divine communication, various texts of Scripture support its inerrancy, and God’s character is constant throughout

Related Papers

Role Of Ruth And Esther In The Bible

1387 words - 6 pages . Kethuvim (the Writings) "…contains the most diverse material…" (Harris, 6), is a miscellaneous repository for all the books accepted later. It contains books of history, prophecy, wisdom, and poetry randomly tossed together in a mixed bag. Jewish books written in Greek such as the Apocrypha were not included as part of the canon of the Hebrew Bible. Apocalypses "…means an "uncovering" and "revelations"…(Harris, 6) symbolic visions to

Hierarchy And The Disorder Of Separation In The Bible

1447 words - 6 pages ARLT100 January 29, 2000 Proper Hierarchy and the Disorder of Separation Throughout the text of the Bible, and especially evident in Chapter 3 of Genesis, there is a system which God has set up to denote the proper relationships each of his creations share with each other and with Him. An analysis of this reoccurring theme will help to establish that God’s intended system is a hierarchy in which there is an apportionment of

The Concept Of Metamorphosis In Life And Literature

682 words - 3 pages in appearance, personality, condition, or function. The concept of metamorphosis is commonly used in pieces of literature to describe an extreme change in character or form. Metamorphosis can also be called transformation and deals with the idea of physical and mental growth, and this growth can signify positive results. For example, the metamorphosis of the yolk into the embryo, a tadpole into a frog, a bud into a blossom or the

Literature Review Of Job Satisfaction And Organizational Commitment In Organisations

2046 words - 9 pages Literature review of Job satisfaction and organizational commitment in organisations Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment are two of the most prominent work attitudes examined in the work and organizational literature. These constructs also receive much attention within the more specific work-family literature. Researchers have often included both constructs in their examination of the relationships between work-family issues and