Bill Of Rights Essay

869 words - 4 pages

Bill of Rights

In 1776 the declaration of independence of the United States was signing as the constitution, the supreme law of the land. This famous document has as a purpose a system of government that would prevent one individual from having complete power. However, some states were in opposition with the constitution because it did not contain protection rights against a government.
In 1791, 10 amendments were known as the bill of rights. This document was added to the constitution to ensure the individual rights of Americans citizens and protect them against any government. Now days there are four amendments on with most prisoners are such as; first amendment, fourth amendment, ...view middle of the document...

In my opinion the balance of rights for inmates are limited for their condition of prisoners or offenders, at the same time the legitimate penological objectives look for the integrity and safety of the inmates even if they commit a crime.
The fourth amendment is for me the most important amendment of the bill of rights. The right of privacy persons, houses papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause permit to the citizens stays safe and secure against the government actions. However, some people suggest that institutional security prohibit the privacy of the inmates, in contrast others claim prisons are equivalents to houses of inmates.  However, in the case of Hitchcock the court proclaimed a strong verdict: “It is obvious that a jail shares none of the attributes of privacy of a home, an automobile, an office, or a hotel room. In prison, official surveillance has traditionally been the order of the day…. We do not feel that it is reasonable for a prisoner to consider his cell private” with those words the supreme court reaffirm that the fourth amendment do not apply for prisons in the totality because is true that inmates has personal staff but at the same time the inmates are not at private houses.
The eighth amendment protects the excessive bail, nor excessive fines in the cases of restitution and the prohibition of cruel and unusual punishments to castigate some misconducts and capital crimes. The abundant cases and critics in the application of this amendment created a definition of punish...

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