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Bio112 Phase 4 Essay

1265 words - 6 pages

Assignment: BIO112 Phase 4 Lab Report

TITLE: Nutrition

INSTRUCTIONS: Enter the Virtual Lab cafeteria, and examine the food and any corresponding nutritional information to assess the diets of your patients. Please type your answers. When your lab report is complete, submit this document to the classroom.

For additional help or information on any of the foods or on aspects of a healthy diet, visit your Course Materials and Web resources, and consult this Web site.

Part I: Place each food or item in the appropriate category before proceeding.

1–7. Rank the 7 categories listed, from what should make up the highest portion of your daily diet to what category should contribute the ...view middle of the document...

The following chart provides the daily recommended intakes based on age and sex. This does not take into account the level of physical activity that a patient may additionally add to his or her daily routine.

Dairy Fruits Vegetables Grains (% of whole grains) Protein Oils Total calories (% empty calories)
Women (19–30 years old) 3 cups 2 cups 2.5 cups 6 oz (3 oz) 5.5 oz 6 tsp 2,000 cal (260)
Women (31–50 years old) 3 cups 1.5 cups 2.5 cups 6 oz (3 oz) 5 oz 5 tsp 1,800 cal (160)
Women (51 or older) 3 cups 1.5 cups 2 cups 5 oz (3 oz) 5 oz 5 tsp 1,600 cal (120)
Men (19–30 years old) 3 cups 2 cups 3 cups 8 oz (4 oz) 6.5 oz 7 tsp 2,400 cal (330)
Men (31–50 years old) 3 cups 2 cups 3 cups 7 oz (3.5 oz) 6 oz 6 tsp 2,200 cal (265)
Men (51 or older) 3 cups 2 cups 2.5 cups 6 oz (3 oz) 5.5 oz 6 tsp 2,000 cal (260)

Examine each patient’s meals, calculate the intake of each patient, and add your information to the following table before answering the remaining questions.

Patient (Age) Dairy Fruit Vegetables Grains Protein Oils Total calories (empty calories)
Steven (53) 2 0 1.25 17 11 4 3,378(1,361)
Elijah (34) .25 0 .50 4.5 0 0 854(334)
Betty (21) 1.25 2 2.75 5.5 5 4 1,323(27)

11. In which of the groups does Steven meet or exceed his daily recommendations? Which groups does he not meet?
He meets or exceeds his daily recommendations in grains, proteins, and total calories(empty calories). He doesn’t meet the daily recommendations in dairy, fruit, vegetables, and oils.

12. How many of Steven’s calories are empty calories, and by how much does he exceed his recommended calorie and empty calorie recommendations? What are the likely consequences of Steven’s diet?
He has 1,361 empty calories & he exceed the total calories by 1,378 and the empty calories by 1,101. He would be considered extremely obese and would suffer numerous health problems.

13. Which items should Steven remove from his meals to cut down on his empty calorie intake? He would have to remove the 3 donuts, at least choose either the pizza slices or fried chicken for lunch but not both, since this is a health course he would need to cut the bacon cheeseburger, and minimum the amount of cookies (10 is kinda extreme). It seems he overeats, so he would need to learn portion control.

14. What foods does Elijah need to add to his diet? Which foods should he remove?
He would need to add more dairy, fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and oils to his diet. I don’t think...

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