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Biochemical Warfare Essay

2603 words - 11 pages

What are they: used to cause mass panic, mass casualties, economic destruction, and summon us government responses.Although a nuclear attack is not likely because of the lack of technical expertise associated with acquiring these weapons, the intent of to obtain this material is a continuing concern.
Properties of Bioweapons:
They cause serious illness or death
They are highly contagious, so that one infected person can spread the disease to many others.
Because they would infect many people, they would strain hospital resources
Diseases, such as small pox and ebola cause terrible symptoms that are alarming to the public.
Cultures can be purchased or stolen and then manufactured ...view middle of the document...

Vesicant: causes skin burns and blisters. Burning eyes, swelling eyelids, increased eye blinking, and difficulty breathing.
1. Agent orange
2. Tabun: Death can occur instantly or within 20 minutes, depending upon the dose. Gas or liquid through skin.
3. Sarin: colorless liquid with no odor. Runny nose, constriction of the pupils, and tightness in the chest. As symptoms progress, victims have difficulty breathing, become nauseous, and lose control of bladder and bowel function. Death by suffocation follows as muscles that control breathing go into spasm. Was developed in Germany in 1938.
4. VX – extremely virulent: Developed in Porton Down, Wiltshire, England, in 1952.Great Britain traded VX technology to the United States in exchange for information on thermonuclear weapons. It is odorless as a gas. Its oily properties make it stick to the skin and other surfaces, where it is often difficult to remove. VX is more toxic than any other nerve agents listed above. A tiny amount of this chemical can kill a person.
Biological weapons- (CBRN) chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons. Biological weapons are more susceptible to counter measures than high explosives, chemical weapons, or nuclear weapons. They are unique among weapon systems in that vaccines can protect soldiers and civilians before an actual attack. Used deliberately to spread disease among humans, animals, and plants. Bio weapons of choice include several disease causing strains of bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Incapacitants- Chemical warfare agents that can disorient, paralyze, or otherwise render army troops and civilian helpless.
Belladonna
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
Ergot
Tear Gas: control riots. Irritates the eyes and burns the skin, but its effects wear off relatively fast, and it doesn’t usually cause lasting injury.
Vomiting agents: Harass and incapacitate the enemy (Agent Orange: contains Dioxin)
History:

Why? They are cheap to produce, compared to conventional weapons or nuclear devices. The objectives in using chemical and biological weapons certainly include killing people, but another primary objective is to generate panic and chaos leading to overstressed public health and security systems and to economic instability. The listed chemical warfare agents are most likely to be used by terrorist or the military because they are the most lethal and deliberating
Motivation derives from these categories:
1. state sponsored terrorism: funded, trained, and controlled by national governments, and are sent to attack enemies of the state.
2. Nationalistic or ethnic terrorism: when groups within a country want to establish new government, but do not have the troops or resources to wage a full-scale war against the government in power. Palestinian terrorism in the Middle East, and Basque terrorism in Spain.
3. Ideological terrorism: In the name of religious or political agendas.
4. Anti-government terrorism: Simply wish to attack...

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