Bipolar And Substance Abuse Essay

2203 words - 9 pages

Running head: The Correlation of Bipolar Disorder and Substance ABUSE

The Correlation of Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse
Abstract
In many instances, a person can say that they have been exposed to someone who has been diagnosed of bipolar disorder, as well as a substance abuse disorder that is followed. In this paper, a well described correlation between the two is written according to information that can contribute to the research. The research is very interesting, but at the same time, it is not anything that has not been seen in mental health.
The Correlation of Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse
There is a growing body of literature exploring the interface between ...view middle of the document...

Some people, who have a bipolar disorder do not realize that it can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and sometimes even suicidal thoughts or ideations. Unlike personality disorders, bipolar can be treated. People who have this disorder can lead very productive lives and can return back into the community and function rather well (Davis, 2000). This disorder usually develops in a person’s late teens or early adult years. At least half of all cases start before the age of 25. Actually some people who have been diagnosed ADHD, tend to be bipolar when they age (Newton, 2000). Bipolar disorder tends to run in families, so researchers are looking for genes that may increase a person’s chance of developing the illness. Genes are the “building blocks” of heredity. They help control how the body and brain work and grow (Davis 2000). Bipolar disorder is mostly known for erratic mood swings that can cause someone to experience bouts of mania one day and severe depression the next. It’s not entirely certain what causes bipolar disorder, but researchers believe it is genetic in nature.
Bipolar disorder is sometimes difficult to diagnose at first. Some people suffer for many years before actually being diagnosed. Some people say that bipolar is a long term illness that must be managed in order to return back to society appropriately.
As bipolar is considered a mood disorder, people tend to experience unusual emotional states that occur in what is called “mood episodes.” Sometimes a person can experience extremely joyful episodes and become overly excited. This is what is called “manic episodes”. When clients experience sad or extremely hopeless states, it is called a “depressive episode” (Goodwin, 2007). Sometimes a person can experience manic and depressive states at the same time, thus the old term of bipolar; manic depressive. When they experience this state in particular, it is called a mixed state. There are also instances where certain people with bipolar are extremely explosive, irritable, and hard to deal with. Bipolar disorder tends to worsen if it is not treated. Overtime, a person may suffer more frequent and more severe episodes than when the illness first appeared (Goodwin, 2007).
When a person’s symptoms flair up, there will be a change in energy, activities of everyday living, sleep and behavior. These symptoms go along with a mood disorder. Sometimes, it is possible for someone with bipolar disorder to experience or suffer for long periods of time of instability. It is sometimes hard to hide these symptoms from others (Davis 2000).
The following are symptoms of bipolar in the specific states:
Symptoms of mania or manic episode
· A long period of feeling “high” or an overly happy or outgoing mood
· Extremely irritable mood, agitation, feeling “jumpy” or “wired”
The following are examples of behavioral changes:
· Talking very fast, flight of ideas, and racing thoughts
· Being...

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