Unipolar and Bipolar Disorder
University of Phoenix
Unipolar and bipolar disorders are two very common types of mood disorders that are found in people today. They are both hard to distinguish the differences between the two and if diagnosed incorrectly, can end with a treatment that is useless for the patient. Both disorders are considered to be genetic and both carry a risk of suicide, the question is, what is the difference between the two? How do you know if you have unipolar disorder or bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is the more common one out of the two disorders. Everyone seems to go through a time where they may feel as though ...view middle of the document...
The main difference that distinguishes unipolar and bipolar disorder is the fact that with unipolar patients, the patients only have symptoms at the low end of the spectrum. With bipolar disorder, patients go through cycles of manic and depressive symptoms. Some of the symptoms included with bipolar disorder through the manic cycle include; nervousness, poor judgment, increased sex drive, euphoria, boundless energy, or reckless spending and making decisions without thinking of the consequences. Some symptoms included with bipolar disorder through the depressive cycle include; low energy, constant fatigue, lack of confidence, sadness, no interest in tasks, or self-abuse. The rate of previous suicide attempts is the lowest in unipolar major depression and the role of prior suicidal behavior in bipolar patients is significantly higher than that of unipolar (Rihmer, 2002). Bipolar patients tend to go through different cycles of all of these symptoms randomly. This is the best way to diagnose a patient is to realize if they are going through both cycles or just the low cycle of depression. Diagnosing these two disorders is crucial in finding the correct help. If diagnosed incorrectly, medication can be given and may worsen symptoms.
There are a few treatments for bipolar disorder that can help to reduce the severity of manic and depressive episodes. There are certain medications that can be...