Bipolar Disorder Essay

1583 words - 7 pages

How Bipolar Disorder Effects Adolescents in School

Axia College

A multitude of reasons exist why adolescents and children have problems in school varying from difficulty with learning disabilities, inadequate resources, skill levels, large classes, problems at home , time management skills, and bullying, just to name a few. The list can go on and be personalized to each scholar differently because each scholar is an individual with different needs, strengths, goals, and issues. Sometimes these obstacles come from a mental illness that is not yet known in the scholar and can make school virtually unbearable because of the disease’s side effects. Children and adolescents with ...view middle of the document...

Even with the varied types of Bipolar Disorder, the symptoms are usually the same; the type of disorder is determined by how often the child or adolescent experiences these symptoms and the severity in which the symptoms appear. The disorder consists of ups and downs also known as highs and lows, from mania or manic to depression, which often differ significantly and can cycle quite frequently. The following symptoms have been accumulated from the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (2007), the National Institute of Mental Health (2008), and the Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation (2002). Mania or manic episodes consist of a decreased want for sleep, euphoric moods, distractibility, provocative or aggressive behavior, racing speech and a pressure to keep talking, increased mental and physical activity, poor judgment, and excessive involvement in pleasurable but risky activities such as “dare-devil” behaviors, night terrors, a belief in ones owns abilities that defy logic such as flying, and hallucinations to name a small few. With a depressive episode, some of the symptoms are sadness and crying spells, feelings of hopelessness or pessimism, bed wetting, sleeping too much or cannot sleep at all, withdrawn from activities once enjoyed, inability to concentrate, a drop in grades, massively low energy, thoughts of death and possible suicide attempts, and a major change in appetite.
Certain symptoms can affect a child or adolescent in a different way from an adult, making issues seem horrendous because of some standard punishments for disturbing a classroom. If a child or adolescent is in a manic phase and cannot stop talking or is talking too fast for those around them, the scholar is seen as a disturbance or a disruption to the classroom and corrective action is taken. When experiencing times of poor judgment, the child or adolescent may not listen to any of the teachers and do whatever activity that he or she may believe is a fine idea at that time, facing yet another disciplinary action. On the other hand, if experiencing a depressive episode, the child or adolescent may not be able to focus on any of the work or the lesson at hand. The child or adolescent may become very exhausted and probably fall asleep in class. The scholar may also remove themselves from partaking in exercises or class activities and demonstrate deep signs of depression. If a child or adolescent is in a classroom with a teacher who is uninformed of the disorder, and these episodes cycle on a daily basis, or even within the same day, the teacher might not have the knowledge of how to handle the student, causing the student to fail or be punished with detention or other punitive action, making the student feel feeble because it is out of the student’s ability to control. Having to be continuously disciplined can cause a bad pattern where the student starts to detest class and school becomes terrifying. Because this is a child or an adolescent and the...

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