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Blood Disorders Essay

911 words - 4 pages

Blood Disorders

In the human body, blood is continuously circulating fluid and supplying the body with nutrients, oxygen, and removing waste. The blood is made up of various important components which include plasma, red blood cells, and platelets. When one or more parts of a person's blood is affected with a blood disorder, it prohibits the blood from functioning properly. Therefore, the following scenarios will put into perspective the purposes of the blood components, the causes and symptoms of each blood disorder, and possible methods of preventing the disease in the future.
The purpose of plasma, red blood ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, taking iron supplements can also reduce the risk of iron deficiency anemia.
Second Scenario ~ Kurt
Kurt is a five-year-old African American, who may have the sickle cell trait considering his mother, carries the disorder. Since sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease, it cannot be passed from other people like the common cold or flu. In fact, kids are usually born with the disease when both parents carry the trait and pass the gene to their children. Consequently, according to KidsHealth (n.d.), most people of African American descent carry sickle cell anemia than any other group of individuals. When blood vessels get blocked with sickle cells children that have the disease may experience pain in their chest, abdomen, or bones. When children with this disease do not have adequate amounts of healthy red blood cells, they not only suffer from fatigue but can also suffer from painful swelling of their hands and feet. At times, to treat sickle cell anemia doctors would prescribe children penicillin. Even though taking penicillin does not cure the disease; it can prevent the child from getting sick. In the meantime, the only reliable treatment for sickle cell anemia is a bone marrow transplant. For the operation to be successful, it is necessary for the donor to be a close match.
Third Scenario ~ Brenda
Over the course of several weeks, Brenda is discovering new unexplainable bruising all over her body along with noticeable red spots around her eyes. Brenda's doctor orders blood tests and eventually diagnosis her with thrombocytopenia; a condition that causes bleeding into the tissues, bruising, and blood clotting. In other words, Brenda is deficient of platelets in her blood. Platelets are created in a person's bone marrow. Therefore, if the body does not create enough platelets, is losing platelets,...

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