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Blood Disorders Essay

1359 words - 6 pages

Blood Disorders: A Painful Disease

Amanda Adkins

HCA 240

David Rodvien

October 13, 2012

Table of Contents

Major Components and Functions of the Blood
Lily's Story
Davon's Story
Spencer's Story

Blood is a specialized body fluid that is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients, fighting infections, forming blood clots to prevent blood loss, and to regulate the body's temperature. It is made up of four components; plasma, red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. Our bodies can experience blood disorders that ...view middle of the document...

She will only eat pasta, breads, hotdogs, and drinks artificial fruit punch. Iron deficiency anemia is a condition where there is a lack of iron in the body. It can be found in a variety of age groups. Without iron, the body cannot produce enough oxygen.
There are many symptoms associated with iron deficiency including fatigue and weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, and unusual cravings such as, dirt, ice, or starches. Considering Lily is only wanting to eat pasta and breads, this could be a way her body is telling her that she needs more iron. According to Mayo Clinic Staff (1998-2012), the causes of this disorder is “blood loss, an inability to absorb iron, lack of iron in the diet, and pregnancy.” (Causes). If a person believes they are experiencing iron deficiency they should consult with a doctor before taking any iron supplements. Overloading the body with iron supplements can cause damage to the liver and produce other organ complications. Iron deficiency anemia can usually be corrected with iron supplements and increasing Vitamin C to absorb the iron quickly. In severe cases of iron deficiency anemia, blood transfusion can help to replenish the iron and hemoglobin quickly. Iron deficiency anemia disorder can be prevented by increasing the amount of iron and Vitamin C in a person's diet Iron-rich foods include beans, dark leafy vegetables, dried fruits, red meats, pasta, and breads. Vitamin C foods that help with absorbing iron are oranges and strawberries, broccoli, and tomatoes.

Davon's Story
Davon is a five-year-old African American male that may have the Sickle Cell trait. His mother is wanting to have him screened for the trait because she is a carrier. Sickle cell is a life-long disease and is an inherited gene that is passed down through families. The red blood cells are abnormal and are shaped like crescents. Sickle cell hemoglobin are stiff and sticky, and cannot easily be transferred through the body because they become blocked in the body's blood vessels.(National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, 2012). If blood flow is blocked, the body can feel pain and damage to the organs can occur. It also raises the risk for infections. For one to be diagnosed with sickle cell, they must inherit two sickle hemoglobin genes from both parents. Only receiving one sickle hemoglobin gene and one normal gene, would mean the person has the trait and is only a carrier. Davon would need to have a blood sample drawn to look for the abnormal hemoglobin.
There are many symptoms that are associated with sickle cell and some of them are fatigue, jaundice, small strokes, delayed growth and puberty, and arthritis. (A.D.A.M., Inc., 2012). There is no widely available for cure however, bone marrow and stem cell transplants can cure the disease. Patients often struggle to find a perfect match. The most common treatment of sickle cell is to manage and control the symptoms. Most doctors will recommend folic acid...

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