Brain Disorder Essay

705 words - 3 pages

Brain Disorders
PS104 Introduction to Phycology

Brain Disorder
There are approximately 26 million people worldwide with schizophrenia and approximately 2 million adults with schizophrenia in the United States. Schizophrenia is a major mental illness affecting the normal functioning of the brain. It is characterized by psychotic symptoms and a diminished range of expressions of emotion. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by a defect of typical emotional responses. Some symptoms include hearing hallucinations, paranoid delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, isolation, and problems paying attention. The onset of symptoms ...view middle of the document...

Dopamine is primary involved in movement, motivation, and emotion, Dopamine produces feelings of pleasure when released by the brain’s reward system, and it’s also involved in learning (Stangor, 2010). Pathways in the brain are highly particular and may influence different kinds of thinking or behavior. People with high levels of dopamine in certain parts of the brain may also experience psychotic symptoms or paranoid thinking, which are known in symptoms of schizophrenia. The metabolite of dopamine, can be found and measured in our cerebrospinal fluid, which is the fluid we have in our spinal column and in the ventricles of our brain. In order to measure this fluid, patients must endure a spinal tap, which requires the insertion of a long needle into the spine to access the fluid. This is a painful procedure, and there are risks of infection and complications. Because of these risks, few people are willing to undergo this procedure to be part of an experimental study.
Another neurotransmitter that may play an important role in schizophrenia is glutamate. Glutamate is believed to have an important role in learning and the formation and encoding of memory. Some hallucinogenic drugs, such as PCP, are known to block glutamate receptors. Like amphetamines, PCP can cause paranoia that mimics schizophrenic...

Other Essays Like Brain Disorder

Understanding Schizophrenia Essay

1550 words - 7 pages . 2008 INTRODUCTION Schizophrenia is a brain disorder, which interferes with normal brain functioning. It is mainly characterize by major disturbances in perception, language, thought, emotions and behavior. Furthermore, it can also trigger hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and lack of motivation (Rosenberg and Kosslyn). Experts now agree that schizophrenia develops as the result of the combination of a biological predisposition, and the

Dsm-Iv Evaluation Essay

1017 words - 5 pages There are many mental health disorders and illnesses to which people suffer from. After reading several case studies and matching the correct diagnosis to the correct case study, now it is time to go over these case studies, diagnosis, causes and treatments. There are five case studies in total. The diagnoses to be covered are schizoid personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, somatoform disorder, dissociative identity disorder

Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders

624 words - 3 pages would be injury to the brain, environmental exposures, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, premature delivery, and low birth weight (CDC, 2016). The symptoms of this disorder appear in the early stages of childhood and if left untreated, it could worsen the child’s mental health. The DSM-5 brings clarity when diagnosing neurodevelopmental disorders. According to the DSM, several symptoms are required to be present by the age of 12. ADHD

Psychological Mood Disorders

666 words - 3 pages Psychological Mood Disorders Cyclothymia is a mood disorder that is on the low end of the spectrum of more aggressive disorders of mood like Bipolar I and II. Cyclothymia is characterized by short periods of mild depression and hypomania. In many cases, hypomania manifests as feeling particularly good or elated, so it may be merely thought of as being in a “good” mood. These cycles may then be followed by several months of “normal” mood

Auditory Processing Disorder

669 words - 3 pages , • Pervasive Development Disorder, • Or Developmental Delay. Sometimes this term has been mis-applied to children who have no hearing or language disorder but have challenges in learning. • Neuro morphological disorder (irregularities in cells in the left hemisphere or auditory area of the brain) In some children with APD there may be tiny differences in the way that neurons of the brain cells are joined together, or how they send messages

Schizophrenic Disorders

1153 words - 5 pages symptoms affected the person's ability to function? and Is there a genetic and family history of the disorder? ("Schizophrenia," n.d.). The examining physician may require the patient to undergo other laboratory test to include a computerized tomography (CT) scan of the brain (Coconcea, 2005). Other imaging techniques that a physician may require the patient to undergo is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single photon emission computed


1007 words - 5 pages is a mood disorder in which feeling of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfering with daily life for weeks or longer. Causes Doctors do not know the exact causes of depression. It is believed that chemical changes in the brain are responsible due to a problem with your genes or stressful events. Some types of depression run in families or others occur even if you have no family history of illness. Anyone can develop depression from

Depression Paper

1006 words - 5 pages and even bipolar disorder. At times it is hard to distinguish major depressive disorder to bipolar disorder. There are great similarities and at times someone can be misdiagnosed with the wrong illness. It is important to know the difference in the two and to also know the symptoms. Just as it is important to know the reasons what and how, it is also important to know the why. When diagnosing major depressive disorder it is important to know that

Bipolar Disorder

721 words - 3 pages there are many things linked to triggering episodes. These include neurotransmitters, hormones, biological differences, inherited traits and environment. Neurotransmitters play a large role in many mood disorders when there is an imbalance in the brain. Hormones, like neurotransmitters, can cause bipolar disorder if they are imbalanced. The biological differences include the fact that “people with bipolar disorder appear to have physical changes in

Anxiety and Panic Disorder

1912 words - 8 pages neurotransmitter in the brain called serotonin. Some examples of SSRIs are Prozac, Zolaft, Paxil, Celexa, and Lexapro. A popular Tricyclic antidepressant medication prescribed to treat panic disorder is imipramine, or Tofranil. Adolescents taking MAOIs must be careful to avoid certain foods and avoid drinking red wine. They also cannot take many common medications because they can cause life-threatening drug interactions. Besides antidepressants, anti

Bi-Polar Disorder

4491 words - 18 pages single gene that causes bipolar disorder, but instead, several different genes come together to create a risk for bipolar disorder. The chemical imbalance factor: Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers produced in the brain in where they show a definite link to mood disorders. This direct link between the neurotransmitter levels for the bipolar disorder is not exactly yet known in where there seems to be several different chemical

Related Papers

Understanding Bipolar Disorder And Evaluating The Possible Causes And Treatments

1591 words - 7 pages the development of bipolar disorder. Furthermore, almost half of bipolar patients have a family member with the disorder, and a child is fifteen to twenty percent more likely to develop the disorder if one parent has it. An equally important cause of bipolar disorder is the chemical balance within the brain, and two primary chemicals, norepinephrine and serotonin, might help influence the development of bipolar disorder (Bressert, 2007, p. 1

Uncertin Fate Essay

1153 words - 5 pages Disorder? There is no single known cause of social anxiety disorder, but research suggests that biological, psychological, and environmental factors may play a role in its development. Biological: Social anxiety disorder may be related to an imbalance of the neurotransmitter serotonin. Neurotransmitters are special chemical messengers that help move information from nerve cell to nerve cell in the brain. If the neurotransmitters are out of

Psychology Essay

1564 words - 7 pages your child have extreme behavior changes too? Does your child get too excited or silly sometimes? Do you notice he or she is very sad at other times? Do these changes affect how your child acts at school or at home? Some children and teens with these symptoms may have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. Read this brochure to find out more. What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is a serious brain illness. It is also called manic

Panic Disorder Symptoms And Causes Essay

1315 words - 6 pages there are a number of causes for this type of disorder, ranging form causes of genetic nature, to causes tied to the brain and biochemical abnormalities (6). Sometimes panic disorders run in families. It is not unusual for a mother and a daughter to have a panic disorder, just like it has been proved through research that if one of genetically identical twins has the disorder, it is likely that the other will also (9). Thus the conclusion is that