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Branches Of Government Essay

1782 words - 8 pages

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They created a weak central government that left little power to Congress but] power in the hands of the states, which made Congress easily manipulated by powerful states. This prevented Congress from performing its duties. Essentially, the states became bullies. "The Federal Convention convened in the State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation" (National Archives and Records Administration). The fore fathers understood the severity of the situation. A weak government was tantamount to potential conflict between other countries.
The Constitution consists of the Preamble that follows with seven articles. The seven articles summaries the duties and powers of federal and state legislatures. The Preamble clearly states the purpose of the Constitution. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice ensure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain, and establish this Constitution for the United States of America (Transcript of the Constitution of the United States - Official Text).
Our fore fathers wanted to explicitly "form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, [and] insure domestic Tranquility." How did the fore fathers come to a consensus of accomplishing these goals? "Among the chief points at issue were how much power to allow the central government, how many representatives in Congress to allow each state, and how these representatives should be elected" (National Archives and Records Administration). To avoid a monarchy like that of Europe’s government, our fore fathers created three separate branches of government. The three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial each have primary task that they implement and expressed within the first three articles of the Constitution.
Article one of the Constitution explains the duties and purpose of the legislature; that is Congress. According to the Constitution (Article one Section one), Congress shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. It is further explained [Passive voice ] in sections two the House’s purpose. "The House of Representatives also has the power of impeachment, in which a sitting president, vice president or other civil official such as a judge may be removed for "high crimes and misdemeanors," as enumerated in the Constitution" (The U.S. House of Representatives). The House can call for impeachment; however, the Senate tries the individual and determines whether they should or should not be convicted.
The power and size of the Senate is slightly different from that of the House. These two bodies of Congress work together on issues as stated in Section eight of Article one of the Constitution. Unlike the House the Senate is composed of two Senators from...

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