Brief Biography Of Benito Mussolini Essay

584 words - 3 pages

Benito Mussolini (1883 - 1945).The Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was the head of the Italian government from 1922 to 1943.Mussolini was a Fascist dictator, and led Italy into three successive wars, the third of which brought the end of his regime.Mussolini grew up in a Middle-Class family, with his father working as a blacksmith and his mother working at an elementary school.At the age of 18, in 1901, he got his Diploma and taught secondary school for a short time (despite his having been a poor student). After his brief time as a teacher he exiled himself to Switzerland from 1902 - 1904 in order to avoid military service. During that time he based his lifestyle on the likes of Nietzsche and other notable fascist writers, on the ...view middle of the document...

As premier, Mussolini slowly turned the government into a dictatorship, and in 1924 the Socialist Deputy Matteotti was murdered. By 1928 Mussolini pretty much had control. Opposition by the church was ended in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty.At first, Mussolini wasn't too friendly towards Hitler and the Nazi government, especially their plans regarding Austria, however after Mussolini's isolation that was a result of an attack on Ethiopia in 1935, he had little choice but to approach Germany again.In 1936 both Hitler and Mussolini aided Franco in the Spanish Civil War, and Mussolini's son-in-law and Foreign Minister Ciano helped to create a formal Berlin-Rome axis in 1939.Mussolini allowed Hitler to carry on with the Annex of Austria in 1938 and in April 1939 he ordered the Italian occupation of Albania.The Duce's (leader) popularity was falling after the Ethiopian and Spanish wars and he did not enter into World War II until France began to fall in June, 1940.After various failures such as the failure of Italian arms in Greece and Africa, and with an imminent invasion, the Fascist party rebelled.In 1943 the Fascist council was refusing his policy, and the King dismissed Mussolini, and then placed him under arrest. However, 2 months later a German rescue party managed to save him and he escaped, to become the head of the Fascist government set up in Italy earlier, by Hitler.In April 1945, the time of Germany's collapse, Mussolini was captured and after a short court-marshal, was shot alongside his mistress Clara Petacci. Their bodies were taken to Milan and hanged in the public square, before then being buried in an unmarked grave.His body was recovered later and in 1957 placed in his family's vault.

Other Essays Like Brief Biography Of Benito Mussolini

Comparative Political Leadership Essay

950 words - 4 pages Comparative Political Leadership Every brilliant leader has its own way of leading his nation. They have different approach in reaching progress and development of their country. I will compare to great military leaders in history Germany’s Adolf Hitler and Italy’s Benito Mussolini. They both rise in power in the times of the World Wars. When Adolf Hitler came into power in 1933, the Germans have a great belief that he will make Germany as

How to become a dictator Essay

1020 words - 5 pages threat to the State (the dictator is the persona of the state itself). However, dictators enjoy popularity: Benito Mussolini was very popular initially in Italy, and Hitler garnished his image through the media in Germany and achieved near-godlike status. Idi Amin appealed to fear of foreigners and the rich to rally large groups to his side, though he was never universally liked. Dictators often lose power by the very means they achieved it

Mussolini and Fascisim

1769 words - 8 pages Italy. Memories of personal experiences still hold strong. Broadly there are two interpretations of the Fascist era: • It was a temporary aberration (a departure from normal development) in Italian history, the work solely of Mussolini; historian A, Cassels calls it ‘a gigantic confidence trick perpetrated on the Italian nation by Benito Mussolini- an artificial creation of Mussolini’; • Fascism grew naturally from Italian history

The Cause of World War II

487 words - 2 pages Why was the world plunged into WWII in 1939, what is the most effective response to aggression, appeasement, or collective security?The 1920s began with a favorable outlook for peace, however towards the end of the decade, clouds of war began to form. Aggressors began to take charge and strong feelings of nationalism arose. Fascist leaders such as Benito Mussolini of Italy and Adolf Hitler of Germany also helped lead Europe into the outbreak of

Ideologies of Leaders

597 words - 3 pages , Marksism-Leninism. Maoism was came out by Mao in Chine 1972 and also Stalinism by Stalin in Russia 1917.However, communism lost more power because of collapse of SSCB in later years due to lack of communist leaders. One of the most important ideologies of leaders is racism give rise to catastrophic results have cotaining no humanity values. Benito Mussolini is known as the founder of racism. Racism consists of some basic principles

Roles of Women in Brave New World

664 words - 3 pages individual lives of most people. Accordingly, many of the novel's characters are named after widely-recognized influential people of the time, for example, Polly Trotsky (Leon Trotsky), Benito Hoover (Benito Mussolini; Herbert Hoover), Lenina Crowne (Vladimir Lenin; John Crowne), Fanny Crowne (Fanny Brawne; John Crowne), Mustapha Mond (Mustafa Kemal Atatürk; Alfred Mond), Helmholtz Watson (Hermann von Helmholtz; John B. Watson), and Bernard Marx

The Life of Adolf Hitler

806 words - 4 pages becomes president and chancellor, giving him supreme command of the German armed forces. Hitler is now the Fuhrer. In 1936 Hitler joins with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. On the same year Hitler confirms his intention to take Germany into war, telling his soldiers that the country must be ready to fight by 1940. WWII On 22 August Hitler briefs his senior military commanders on his plans for the invasion of Poland. On September 1

Compare the Features of Nazism and Fascism

1483 words - 6 pages idea between these two totalitarinaismis different. The central theme of Fascism is the state while the central theme if Nazism is the Race. For Fascsim,The state is supreme and everything revolves around the state. In an article in the 1932 Enciclopedia Italiana, written by Giovanni Gentile and attributed to Benito Mussolini, fascism is described as a system in which "The State not only is authority which governs and molds individual wills

Great ! A+ Work

1030 words - 5 pages Italian Fascist Party's Grand Council deposed Italian premier Benito Mussolini (an ally of Hitler), the Italian military took over and negotiated a surrender to Anglo-American forces on September 8. German troops stationed in Italy seized control of the northern half of the peninsula, and continued to resist. Mussolini, who had been arrested by Italian military authorities, was rescued by German SS commandos in September and established (under German

Climate Change

1545 words - 7 pages , Nasyonalistang Tsina, Pulahang Tsina, Pilipinas, Indonesia, Malaysia, Ceylon, India, Pakistan, Israel, Iran, Iraq at iba pa. TAUHAN * Adolf Hitler * Benito Mussolini * Emperor Hirohito * General Douglas MacArthur * Heneral Montgomery * Heneral Dwight Eisenhower * Heneral Pietro Badoglio * Admiral Karl Doenitz * President Franklin Roosevelt at Prime Minister Winston Churchill * Trygve Lie TAGPUAN

Age Of Anxiety, A Few Small Errors

7356 words - 30 pages or in the efforts to twist the rules of "rational" art, there was also something real and vital which would become their experience. Not just the backdrop to their experience, but their experience itself. In the 1920s and 30s, liberal democracy was faced with a grave crisis and its greatest challenge. A new political theory emerged -- one which drew its inspiration from Caligula, Nero and Commodus. It was Benito Mussolini who proclaimed that

Related Papers

A Brief Biography Of Rudyard Kipling

498 words - 2 pages Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865 in Bombay, India (British Empire). When Rudyard was a young boy, he and his sister, Alice, had an Indian nurse who told them great stories about the jungle animals. These stories stayed with Rudyard throughout his life. When he was about six years old his parents sent him and his sister to England to be educated. The two children were sent to live in the home of a retired naval officer at Southsea

Between The Wars Essay

671 words - 3 pages Between the Wars: Essay Benito Mussolini was a dictator, in Italy, who came to power between World War I and World War II. He controlled every part of the Italian people’s lives. He, like many others dictators in the past, censored all that went out to the public. During his reign Benito Mussolini affected the areas of government, economy, and society. While Mussolini was in power he changed the way government worked. In 1919, he created the

Italy, What A Lovely Country Essay

970 words - 4 pages Italy, what a lovely country “Tragedy will always happen when An idealistic leader meet a formalism nation.” 1922, Mussolini take over the appointment of prime minister from the king of Italy. On the Inauguration ceremony, he swears with confidence: “I, Benito Mussolini, swear to god. I will make Italy become one of the strongest countries in the world! No one and nothing can stop us!” Benito Mussolini, a tireless nationalist. He used to

Italian Fascism Vs. German Nazism Essay

1334 words - 6 pages , while Benito Mussolini conducted the fascist party in Italy. Italy and Germany’s future was based on the education in the schools, since education played an important role between these two nations. The people’s image of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler as two leaders was profoundly the important factors to their popularity. The most essential tool that was allowed in both countries and played a very important role in both political parties was