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British Premier And German Chancellor Essay

2193 words - 9 pages

“In parliamentary governments the head of state and the chief executive are two separate offices.(...) Many times the head of state functions in a primarily ceremonial role, while the chief executive is the head of the nation’s legislature. The most striking difference between presidential and parliamentary systems is in the election of the chief executive. In parliament systems, the chief executive is not chosen by the people but by the legislature. Typically the majority party in the parliament chooses the chief executive, known as the Prime Minister. However, in some parliaments there are so many parties represented that none hold a majority. Parliament members must decide among ...view middle of the document...

In some systems the power to dissolve parliament has allocated to the former Minister, in others it instead has allocated to the Council of Ministers or, more frequently, the head of state, proposed by the Prime Minister or on its own.
It must be said that the pre-eminent position of prime minister, even more than the legal regulation, is determined, as a matter of fact, by the configuration of the party system. It is obvious that in a two-party system the prime minister, while the head of the parliamentary majority and head of government, both made up of members of the party of which he is leader, ends up in a position of clear leadership that approaches that of chairman of a presidential republic. When, however, the prime minister heads the government supported by a coalition of parties, he is forced to negotiate with the leaders of these parties themselves and, consequently, ends up weakening his position, and this is especially true if the system party does not have a bipolar configuration, and therefore, coalitions tend to be rather unstable. Comparing the two figures of the British Prime Minister and the Federal Chancellor of Germany and their powers and functions, we can define who is the strongest and the more stable.

The British Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons, so, to fill this position, requires the support of the party and a long political career. The Prime Minister is also President (Chairman) of the Cabinet and of various committees of the Cabinet, which coordinates policies and oversees the activities of government departments. He or she also shalls presides over meetings of the Cabinet, can control the debates within the Cabinet and the process of decision-making by providing the agenda, deciding what topics should be discussed, and so on. In forming a new Cabinet, he chooses the ministers, having to find them among the members of the Shadow Cabinet in the case of Labour leaders, and without these constraints for conservative leaders. . The choice of ministers by the Premier, however, is based on two factors: to maximize its role in the party and to maximize the position of the party in the electorate.
The British Premier, moreover, appoints the other members of the government, which are not part of the Cabinet ministers. Among members of the Cabinet, he or she appoints the Deputy Prime Minister or First Secretary of State. Also, he or she has the power to reshuffle, which is the power to redistribute the ministerial appointments: the purpose of the ministerial reshuffle is to give new life to the Cabinet, but if it happens too frequently or it is poorly managed, this may antagonize the party and be interpreted as a sign of weakness, not strength. There are two key species of reshuffle: the current year and the legislature at the time when the Cabinet is to be officially able to assume its commitments to the government. In the latter case, it would be a reshuffle for the premiership...

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