Building Construction Analysis

3206 words - 13 pages

Building Construction Analysis

This assignment is elaborated through the construction process and detailed six logical stages of our residential buildings being constructed. Readers will be given a rough picture of how and why our home house comes into being step by step gradually in the way we are familiar. Also, technical data related to the construction materials are discussed. So the reason why the materials are chosen and the methodology of construction are to be carried out.

Many pictures used in this assignment were taken in some real construction sites (Dunraven Drive and Winchester Crescent, Pimpama, QLD, 4209) while some were employed by internet searching.

Section Zero – ...view middle of the document...

Also, the preparation of services to the site is also included in this stage.

Site clearance is the removal of existing trees, underground roots and any other vegetation from the site. Before clearing, the site should be fenced or cut of access to keep the public away for security reason. Check with the local authorities to ensure if there is old or existing water, gas or sewer lines passing through the site. To haul away the debris after clearing is a problem because it is expensive. Choosing to bury or burn it in some areas might be a good choice after consulting with the relevant authorities. To remove and keep the topsoil of high quality alongside to a distance of approximately three metres from the construction area is wise for future use in landscaping.

Another problem needing to be considered while clearing the site is “sediment control” or “erosion control” - to pay special attention to prevent the runoff of the mud/sediments on the cleared site from falling onto and “eroding” the adjacent roads and existing neighbouring property or into drains and waterways.

Go through the factors that will take effect on the building setout, such as setbacks and easements, topography, driveway/pedestrian, the relationship/distance to other houses in the area/neighborhood that will directly affect the sun’s exposure time, Peg 1
Peg 1
Peg 2
Peg 2
Driveway
Driveway
Front Boundary Line
Front Boundary Line
Road
Road
and street views you like.

Side Boundary Line
Side Boundary Line

Peg 4
Peg 4
Peg 3
Peg 3

Front Building Line
Front Building Line

Peg out the building footprint according to the design drawings. Locate a boundary corner and peg it, then run a string line (front building line) parallel to the front boundary line. Locate the first corner point (Peg 1 above) at the building line simply by measuring the proper distance from the side boundary line. Peg 2 is located by reading the description of the perimeter of the construction. Peg 3 is located by using of a layout square. And so is Peg 4.

(Image from:
http://www.buildadvantage.com/2012/08/excavating-a-residential-home-site/)

The building on site has been set out so that excavation could be on processing. There are two types of excavation, bulk excavation and specific or detailed excavation. The former one is actually the process of site clearance and the latter one is for trench excavation for footings and service pipes.

Preparation of in-ground services like water, electricity, stormwater, sewerage and gas is the last step for site preparation. Lids should be always placed on pipes for anti-contamination purpose.

Section Two – Footings, Floor Framing and Slab Formation

Footings are the part that the building makes contact with the ground. It distributes the total load of the house to the soil. Isolated footings, continuous footings and integrated footings are the three basic types. Several factors affect the type of footings to be chosen when...

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