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Bulimia Nervosa. How Can People Become Bulimic? When Did It Get Started? How Do People With Bulimia Nervosa Keep Weight Off? What Is Bulimia Nervosa?

753 words - 4 pages

Bulimia NervosaBulimia, meaning ox-like hunger, was first mentioned in the literature in the 18th century. However, it was not recognized as an illness by the American Psychiatric Association until 1979 and was not officially named Bulimia Nervosa until 1987 by G. Russell in England. Individuals with Bulimia Nervosa are similar to those with Anorexia Nervosa in that they are preoccupied with their shape and weight.In contrast to anorectics, bulimics binge eat and then use inappropriate methods, such as self-induced vomiting, abusing laxatives, abusing diuretics, or misusing enemas, to prevent weight gain. The diagnosis of bulimia nervosa is only made if the bulimic behaviors do not occur ...view middle of the document...

Despite the use of purging techniques, bulimics are typically of normal weight but may be slightly over-weight or underweight.As with Anorexia Nervosa, there are two types of Bulimia Nervosa: purging and non-purging. Purging type is to describe those who employ self-induced vomiting or misuse laxatives, diuretics, or enemas to prevent weight gain. Those individuals diagnosed with non-purging type Bulimia Nervosa use other inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as fasting or excessive exercise.Individuals with Bulimia Nervosa exhibit a number of co-existing mental disorders. A number of bulimics display depression and anxiety symptoms. Studies have shown substance abuse or dependence to be present in approximately one-third of individuals with Bulimia Nervosa. In addition, it has been estimated that between one-third and one-half of bulimics meet the diagnostic criteria for one or more personality disorders, particularly Borderline Personality Disorder.A number of physical symptoms are associated with Bulimia Nervosa. Frequent vomiting can cause severe erosion of dental enamel and enlargement of the salivary glands. Bulimics who use their fingers to self induce vomiting may present with calluses or scars on the...

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