October 2, 2014
“Groups, people who think of themselves as belonging together and who interact with one another, are the essence of life in society,” (Henslin, 2013, p. 126). Groups are an important part of everyone’s well-being because they provide people with a sense of belonging. They also help shape who we are and there are two main types of groups. The first group, primary groups, include family and friends who provide intimate, face-to-face interaction, which give us an identity, a feeling of who we are (Henslin, 2013). After primary groups come secondary groups, which are much larger and more anonymous while being formal and ...view middle of the document...
“Each worker is assigned specific tasks, and the tasks of all the workers are coordinated to accomplish the purpose of the organization,” (Henslin, 2013, p. 134). Everyone has certain roles pertaining to their job and nobody would do another person’s role. In the military, one person can be a nurse and another person an engineer and they would not do each other’s job but both roles are needed to accomplish the goal of the military.
Next, the third characteristic stresses the importance of written rules. In order for bureaucracies to become more efficient, they made rules for people to follow and generally the bigger the bureaucracy, the more rules it has (Henslin, 2013). There are specific rules and procedures that everyone has to follow in order to keep the efficiency of the organization. For example, there are specific rules in place to join the military like you have to be at least 17 years of age and be able to pass a physical medical examination. Another example is a requirement to join means that you first have to pass basic training.
Now the fourth characteristic is all about written communications and records, records are kept of much of what occurs in a bureaucracy (Henslin, 2013, p.134). In the military, they keep track of all the records of the men and woman who join. They also make sure to keep track of what superiors and higher ups have to say about the people under them. One amazing fact about the military is that they keep track of every time someone goes to jail and why they were put there in the first place.
Last but not least is the fifth characteristic, which is all about impersonality and replaceability. As Henslin says in the text book, “It is the...