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"Death penalty" and "Death sentence" redirect here. For other uses, see Death penalty (disambiguation) and Death sentence (disambiguation).
"Execution" and "Execute" redirect here. For other uses, see Execution (disambiguation) and Execute (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Capital punishment (disambiguation).
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Debate · Religion and capital punishment · Wrongful execution
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It is a matter of active controversy in various countries and states, and positions can vary within a single political ideology or cultural region. In the European Union member states, Article 2 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union prohibits the use of capital punishment.
Today, most countries are considered by Amnesty International as abolitionists, which allowed a vote on a nonbinding resolution to the UN to promote the abolition of the death penalty. However, over 60% of the world's population live in countries where executions take place insofar as the four most populous countries in the world (the People's Republic of China, India, United States and Indonesia) apply the death penalty and are unlikely to abolish it in the near future.
1.1 Movements towards humane execution
2 Contemporary use
2.1 Global distribution
2.2 Execution for drug-related offences
2.3 In specific countries
2.4 Juvenile offenders
3 Controversy and debate
3.1 Wrongful executions
3.2 Public opinion
3.3 International organisations
4 Religious views
4.4.1 Roman Catholic Church
4.4.2 Anglican and Episcopalian
4.4.3 United Methodist Church
4.4.4 The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
4.4.5 The Southern Baptist Convention
4.4.6 Other Protestants
4.4.8 Eastern Orthodox Christianity
4.4.9 Esoteric Christianity
5 In arts and media
5.2 Film, television, and theatre
6 See also
8 External links
8.2 In favour
8.3 Religious views
Execution of criminals and political opponents has been used by nearly all societies—both to punish crime and to suppress political dissent. In most places that practice capital punishment it is reserved for murder, espionage, treason, or as part of military justice. In some countries sexual crimes, such as rape, adultery, incest and sodomy, carry the death penalty, as do religious crimes such as apostasy in Islamic nations (the formal renunciation of the State religion). In many countries that use the death penalty, drug trafficking is also a capital offense. In China, human trafficking and serious cases of corruption are punished by the death penalty. In militaries around the world courts-martial have imposed death sentences for offenses such as cowardice, desertion, insubordination, and mutiny.
Anarchist Auguste Vaillant guillotined in France in 1894The use of formal execution extends to the beginning of recorded history. Most historical records and various primitive tribal practices indicate that the death penalty was a part of their justice system. Communal punishment for wrongdoing generally included compensation by the wrongdoer, corporal punishment, shunning, banishment and execution. Usually, compensation and...