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Capital Punishment: Pro Essay

1617 words - 7 pages

Capital Punishment deters murder, and is just Retribution Capital punishment, isthe execution of criminals by the state, for committing crimes, regarded soheinous, that this is the only acceptable punishment. Capital punishment doesnot only lower the murder rate, but it's value as retribution alone is a goodreason for handing out death sentences. Support for the death penalty in the U.S.has risen to an average of 80% according to an article written by RichardWorsnop, entitled "Death penalty debate centres on Retribution", this figure isslightly lower in Canada where support for the death penalty is at 72% of thepopulation over 18 years of age, as stated in article by Kirk Makir, in theMarch ...view middle of the document...

He feels that execution of convicted offendersexpresses the great value society places on innocent life.Isaac Ehrlich goes on to state that racism is also a point used by death penaltyadvocates. We will use the U.S. as examples, since we can not look at theinmates on death row in Canada, because their are laws in Canada that state thatcrime statistics can not be based on race, also the fact that there are noinmates on death row in Canada. In the U.S. 16 out of 1000 whites arrested formurder are sentenced to death, while 12 of 1000 blacks arrested for murder weresentenced to death. 1.1% of black inmates on death row were executed, while 1.7%of white inmates will die.Another cry for racism, as according to Ehrlich, that is raised by advocates ofthe death penalty is based on the colour of the victim, for example "if thevictim is white, it is more likely that the offender will get the death penaltythan if the victim had been black". This is true, if you look at the actualnumber of people who are murder. More people kill whites and get the deathpenalty, then people who kill blacks and get the death penalty. The reason forthis is that more whites are killed, and the murders captured. Now if we look atthe number of blacks killed it is a lot less, but you have to look at thesenumbers proportionately. Percent wise it is almost the same number for any race,so this is not the issue.In a 1986 study done by Professor Stephen K. Layson of the University of NorthCarolina, the conclusions made by Ehrilich were updated, and showed to be alittle on the low side as far as the deterrence factor of capital punishment.Professor Layson found that 18 murders were deterred by each execution is theU.S. He also found that executions increases in probability of arrest,conviction, and other executions of heinous offenders.According to a statement issued by George C. Smith, Director of Litigation,Washington Legal Foundation, titled "In Support of the Death Penalty", supportfor the death penalty has grown in the U.S., as the crime rate increased. In1966, 42% of Americans were in favour of capital punishment while 47% wereopposed to it. Since the crime rate United states has increased, support for thecapital punishment has followed suit. In 1986, support for capital punishmentwas 80% for and only 17% against with 3% undecided, but most of the undecidedvotes said they were leaning toward a pro capital punishment stance, if they hadto vote on it immediately.Let us now focus on Canada. The last two people to be executed, in Canada wereArthur Lucas and Ron Turpin. They were executed on December 11, 1962. Theexecutions in Canada were carried out by hanging. 1The death penalty was abolished in Canada in the latter part of 1976, after adebate that...

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