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Caso Singapore Essay

1464 words - 6 pages

CASO SINGAPORE INC.

Contexto del Caso.

1. Situation del País

Singapur es un país que ha tenido más de 40 años de un crecimiento económico admirable, pasó de un ingreso per cápita de $427 en 1960 a uno de $20,748 en 2002. Sin embargo, debido a la crisis de la economía global de los dos años anteriores, Singapur estaba experimentando una de las peores recesiones y niveles de desempleo en su historia, en contraste con su crecimiento del 10.3% en 2000, la economía de Singapur se contrajo un 2.2$ en el 2001. En ese momento las expectativas de crecimiento de Singapur del 2% al 2.5% para 2002 no parecían muy optimistas.

1. Antecedentes.

Singapur está ...view middle of the document...

3. Sector Industrial

Para este caso nos referimos a todos los sectores industriales del país no uno en particular:

Competencia: Todos los países que compiten en el comercio internacional relacionados al mundo de la tecnología, en concreto China, que era un fuerte competidor por ser unos de los que venden productos tecnológicos de calidad y a un bajo precio.

Clientes: El mercado Internacional.

Proveedores: Apostaron por la innovación y la capacitación constante de sus habitantes, por lo que los principales proveedores del país son sus propios habitantes que son los que proveen el talento para explotar el mercado al cual le estaban apostando fuertemente.

Producto Sustituto: Todos los países que produjeran los mismos productos a nivel internacional, afectando las importaciones y exportaciones del país, tales como China.

Competencia potencial: Los mercados de Asia en surgimiento, y los países ya establecidos en el mercado internacional en productos tecnológicos y que avancen rápidamente en temas de innovación tecnológica.

Poder de negociación: Lo tiene el cliente (mercados internacionales) que son los que dictan la pauta de compra y las tendencias de adquisición de bienes.

Berreras de entrada: Barreras arancelarias a los países que exporta, crisis económicas y gobiernos.

2. Descripción del País.

1. Sistema de negocio.

El sistema de negocios de Singapur, está basado en seis políticas importantes: inversión estatal, fomento activo de inversión extranjera, facilitar un ambiente procomercial, tratados de libre comercio, una estricta política monetaria, y tener altos ahorros. Esto juntamente con un estricto control de cada una de las políticas mencionadas.

Podemos decir que el plan de negocios de Singapur se basa en un estado desarrollista, a partir de una conjunción de factores históricos, políticos, económicos y socioculturales. El Estado desarrollista en Singapur se caracteriza por su fortaleza y autoritarismo, y por estar profundamente integrado con la sociedad a través de alianzas socioeconómicas semipermanentes

2. Organización

Singapur estaba gobernado por un sistema parlamentario que consistía en 84 miembros electos (9 elegidos directamente y 75 elegidos en equipos de 4 a 6 para dar voz a los 14 grupos con representación constitucional y para asegurar que hubiera al menos un miembro de minoría racial por equipo).

Los miembros del parlamento (MP), se elegían por elecciones generales cada cinco
años. El voto era obligatorio en todas las elecciones, el presidente se elegía directamente como la cabeza constitucional del estado. Al elegir entre los miembros parlamentarios y con la mayoría del apoyo parlamentario, el presidente nombraba formalmente al primer ministro del país. Aconsejado por el primer ministro, el presidente también nombraba al gabinete de entre los miembros del parlamento. El gabinete estaba compuesto por el primer ministro y 14 a 16...

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