Cause And Effect Of Anorexia Essay

1156 words - 5 pages

“I look like a normal, well-adjusted 15-year-old high school sophomore. I like talking to friends on the phone, riding my bike, watching TV, and spending time with my boyfriend. I make above average grades and like math and science classes the best. However, about a year ago, my weight dropped to 72 pounds. I lay in a hospital bed with unkempt hair, fragile limbs and a sunken face. I was seriously ill. The villainous disease was not cancer or AIDS. I had anorexia, a condition which afflicts many teens and young adults, especially young women.” Holly (Caringonline.org)
Anorexia is a type of eating disorder who has an intense fear of gaining weight. They severely limit the amount of food ...view middle of the document...

Their lives become focused on controlling their weight (3). They limit how much food they eat and may limit themselves to just a few hundred calories a day, exercise a lot even when they are sick, vomiting or using laxatives, and become secretive and withdrawn from friends and family. As starvation sets in, they start to develop signs of serious problems throughout the body. They may feel weak, tired, or faint , have thinned hair, dry skin, brittle nails, stop having menstrual periods, feel cold all the time, swollen feet, poor blood flow and low blood presser are some of the signs of serious problems (3).
There is no single test that can diagnose eating disorder, but if your doctor thinks you may be anorexic, he or she will check you for signs of malnutrition or starvation. Doctors may ask questions about your mental well-being. Some common exams and tests include a medical history, physical exam, screening questions, mental health assessment, blood test and X-rays (9). Anorexia causes serious health complications as weight loss and starvation progress. Starvation affects all areas of the anorexic body, including the heart. Mortality rate from anorexia are high. If anorexia nervosa damages the heart enough, ancrexics can develop an irregular heartbeat (15). In addition, other effects of anorexia include dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, which can also cause cardiac arrhythmias and death. Some of the physical effects of anorexia are from limited food intake or malnutrition (6). Some effects are mood swings, lack of energy, muscle weakness, fatigue, slowed thinking or poor memory, constipation and bloating, tooth decay and gum disease, dizziness, fainting, headaches, and growing fine hair all over the body and face (12). People with anorexia are often depressed and have low self-esteem (12). They experience feelings of loneliness and worthlessness. People with anorexia often develop a self destructive behavior by self mutilation, a way to cope with their painful emotions and withdraw from social situations. Other psychological anorexia and effects include lack of interest in doing things previously enjoyed (8).
Early detection and treatment of anorexia are important to recovery. Early treatment makes it less likely that you will have long term health problems and the risk of an early death (9). A team approach for treatment is the best approach since anorexia involves both the mind...

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