During the 19th century, tensions among the U.S. Nation continued to rise and cause disagreements for a number of factors. These various factors led in the result of the U.S. Civil War. The Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865 and accounted for more than 600,000 deaths. These causes can be attributed to the many disparities between the North and the South's economic and social industries, the fight between the slave states and the non slave states, the progress of the abolitionists, the Election of Abraham Lincoln, and the secession of the states.
To begin with, the differences between the North's industrial economy and the South's agricultural economy created the division in each's economic attitude. The North focused on technological innovation and building cities. The roads and railroads were their biggest investment and set the path for territorial expansion and exporting goods. The Northern factories purchased raw cotton from the ...view middle of the document...
For instance, when America first acquired new lands through the Louisiana Purchase and the Mexican War, many wanted to know if any new states added to the Union would be a free state or a slave state. The northers were concerned with the slave states also gaining too much power. In 1820, Congress passed the Missouri Compromise, which prohibited slavery north of the Louisiana Purchase and also counted Missouri into the Union as a slave state. The government created this compromise to unionize the nation and keep the balance of power between free states and slave states.Â
Unfortunately their efforts don't keep the nation quiet long, and the issues of slavery and sectionalism persist. In 1846, David Wilmot initiates the Wilmot Proviso to declare slavery illegal in any lands acquired in the Mexican war. It ends up getting passed in the House but it failed in the Senate. After that a man named Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850, passed during Millard Fillmore's presidency. this Bill had many provisions and tried to accommodate the North and the South's slavery interests. California entered as a free state, popular sovereignty was allowed to solve slavery for New Mexico and Utah and D.C. declared slavery illegal. The one provision that stirred up the most controversy was the Fugitive Slave Act that required all officials to arrest any runaway slaves or else would have to pay a fine. Another one was the Kansas Nebraska Act in 1854, which also used popular sovereignty to define slavery. Citizens from Missouri who were for slavery, began to move to the state just to help cast fraud ballots. Events became so violent in the quest to uphold slavery that a mini civil war took place and resulted in 200 deaths. This event became known as Bleeding Kansas in 1856. Constant disagreements regarding slavery continued to open the doors for the Civil War.
Abolitionists started to increasingly come out and stand up against slavery and slaveholders as well. After the Dred Scott case which declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, morale from abolitionist continued to progress. John Brown's raid in 1859 and the election of Lincoln as president in 1860 also contributed to the Civil War.