This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cause(S) Of Russian Civil War Essay

618 words - 3 pages

Chapter 14 The Civil War
The Civil War was fought right across Russia, involving several different forces. The Reds were the defenders of Lenin, supporters of his revolution. The Whites were a lose collection of anti-Red forces, most of which desired a return to a traditional Tsarist-regime. The Greens were opponents of both the Reds and the Whites and were in favour of a radical alternative to communist style of government. Greens wanted political and economic power handed to local groups of peasants.
Nationalists, such as Finns, Poles, Ukrainians, and Georgians, fought for national independence.
International Aid, several foreign states such as Britain, France, the USA and Japan, had sent troops to Russia to fight alongside the Whites.
Military Opposition to the Communists

Opponent
Reason
Allied Intervention Force(s) in 1918
To overthrow the Communist regime and get Russia back into the First World War
...view middle of the document...

After 1918, their political opponents tried to reverse it. The Bolsheviks had many enemies. One group who wanted to destroy the Bolsheviks were the Social Revolutionaries. At first, they had supported the November Revolution.

elections had been held in November 1917 for a new government – the Assembly – in which the Bolsheviks had won 175 seats and the Social Revolutionaries 370 seats. However, when it met in 1918, Lenin used the Red Guards to close the Assembly, and killed anybody who objected.

The Social Revolutionaries fought back by attacking the Bolshevik government. The Bolsheviks were also opposed by the Mensheviks (who had controlled the Provisional Government, and who they had toppled from control of the Soviets in September), and by the Tsarists (who wanted to rescue Nicholas II and put him back on the throne). Lenin made peace with Germany (the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, in which Russia had lost much of Russia’s best agricultural and industrial land to Germany, including Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) and the former army officers were angry about this.

Also, the Bolshevik government had taken land from the Tsar and the nobles and given it to the peasants, and the civil war was supported by those landlords who had lost their land. All these enemies of the Bolsheviks co-operated to try to bring down the Bolshevik government.

A second cause of the Civil War was the Czech Legion. These were some Czech prisoners of war being taken across Russia who in 1918 mutinied, took control of the Trans-Siberian Railway, and attacked towards Moscow.

Finally, these groups within Russia were helped by the Great Powers, angry that Russia had dropped out of the First World War. They were afraid because the Bolsheviks believed in World Revolution – the Bolsheviks set up the Comintern, led by Zinoviev, which said it would cause communist revolutions all over the world. Consequently, the Allies sent armies to destroy the Bolsheviks – British, American and French armies attacked from Archangel, Ukraine, and Vladivostok.
 

Other Essays Like Cause(s) of Russian Civil War

Causes of Civil War Essay

944 words - 4 pages certainly wasn’t the only cause. Wars are complicated and there causes are not simple understandable. In this research paper we will discuss causes what started the Civil War. A war that separated the nations, ruined harvests, towns, and railroad lines. Many issues embarked the nation into disorder in 1861. Key administrative foundations contain the slow collapse of the Whig Party, the establishment of the Democrat Party and, the 1860’s voting

Orgins of Civil War Essay

1148 words - 5 pages How did the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 lead to the American Civil War? In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected as president of the United States of America, the unseen events of which led to civil war. However it was not only Lincoln’s election that led to civil war but also the slavery debate between the Northern and Southern states and the state of the economy in the United States. Together with the election of Lincoln, other

Weaponry of the Civil War

856 words - 4 pages implies and would fire ammunitions over distances. Rifled bores are a technological advancement in which a rifle’s barrel had grooves cut on the inside it in a spiral that would spin the round as it traveled through and out of the barrel. This made the rifle more accurate and more powerful over all. This advancement was seen for the first time around the fifteenth century, but it wasn’t seeing much action until the time of the Civil War. Rifles of

Causes of the Civil War

480 words - 2 pages The five main causes of the Civil War were the formation of the Confederate States of America, sectionalism, the secession of the Southern states, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Missouri Compromise of 1820. At the time, many events angered both the North and the South. Those causes were the most influential, and had the largest impact on the progression of pre-war hostility.On February 4, 1861, delegates from six states met in Montgomery

Short answer question on the American Civil War: Explain the 'total war' policy of General Ulysses S. Grant. Do you approve of this policy?

582 words - 3 pages General Ulysses S. Grant was of the Union Army in the Civil War. He had a policy knows as the 'total war' policy. He believed that when you have an enemy, you aren't only fighting against its army, but you are fighting against its society. He thought that killing the enemy's army isn't enough in a war. One should destroy all buildings and shops and plantations (for the Southern states). He wanted to destroy all the means by which the enemy could

Election of Lincoln and Civil War

1350 words - 6 pages How did the election of Lincoln to president in 1860 lead to civil war in the United States of America? Essay: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected as president of the United States of America, the repercussions of which led to civil war. However it was not only Lincoln’s election that led to civil war but also the slavery debate between the northern and southern states and the state of the economy in the United States

Assess the Short Term Significance of the Russo-Japanese War for Russian Government and Politics

2260 words - 10 pages The Russo-Japanese war undoubtedly had a large significance and effect on Russian government and politics in the early 20th century. A report by Stalin on the war in 1905 states that the “Unbearable conditions” of the war are causing “unrest and discontent among the troops” - further suggesting that the soldiers blamed their superiors, and therefore the government for their treatment during the war through the soldiers “no longer blindly obeying

The Lost of King Charles in English Civil War

597 words - 3 pages The Reason why Charles I Lost The Civil War The English Civil War was a fighting/conflict between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Charles I/ Cavaliers). At the end of the Civil war Charles I was executed at Whitehall place, London. Despite than no one will run the country, Charles II (the son of Charles I) immediately replaced his father role of being the king of England. But during the Civil War, lots of lives were taken away

What were the causes of the English Civil War?

479 words - 2 pages Question: What were the causes of the English Civil War?Answer:The English Civil War broke out upon the establishment of James I (or James VI of Scotland) to the English crown. James was a philosopher of royal absolutism and sought to breathe life into his ideals by establishing what he dubbed a "free" monarchy over all of England. This "free" monarchy was in reference to the king's absolute power being free of any outside influence or control

What Was the Most Important Cause of the First World War?

753 words - 4 pages Introduction THE CAUSES OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR Task: Read the following passage. When you come across a passage which deals with a cause of World War 1, copy it to the appropriate section of Table 1 below. When you come across a passage that relates to a certain country, copy it to the appropriate section of Table 2. Task: Read the following passage. When you come across a passage which deals with a cause of World War 1, copy it to the

Clara Barton: One of the Most Respected Figures of the American Civil War

716 words - 3 pages public believed the idea of this support group was unneeded since a national outbreak of violence as catastrophic the American Civil War was extremely unlikely, but the Red Cross’s goal was to provide assistance to the victims of any sort of national crisis on any scale, whether it is war, natural disaster, etc. After living in New York, near a spa, to further improve her health Clara moved to Washington D.C. to continually push her cause. The

Related Papers

Cause Of The Civil War Essay

657 words - 3 pages During the 19th century, tensions among the U.S. Nation continued to rise and cause disagreements for a number of factors. These various factors led in the result of the U.S. Civil War. The Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865 and accounted for more than 600,000 deaths. These causes can be attributed to the many disparities between the North and the South's economic and social industries, the fight between the slave states and the non slave

Russian Revolution Civil War Essay

623 words - 3 pages were forced to attack to try and wrestle the two capitals away. With such a heavily industrialized region, the Bolsheviks were less dependent on foreign aid than Whites. Bolsheviks were able to coordinate military operations in a more rational way, especially with use of railways. This is one of many reasons of why the Red's triumphed over the Whites in the Russian Civil War. One utmost reason why the White's lost the Russian Civil war, was

The Russian Civil War Essay

1323 words - 6 pages The Russian Civil War Between 1918 and 1921 there was a civil war in Russia. The war was between the reds, who were the communists/Bolsheviks, and the whites who were the either Tsarists or anti-communists. The whites also had help by the way of foreign intervention and in this essay I am going to explain what happened and how this helped the communists win the Russian civil war. One reason why the communists won

Causes For The Russian Civil War

659 words - 3 pages power the Czechs defeated the Reds in most of Siberia and gave help to their white opponents. The second reason for which the Czech legion was important for the Russian civil war was that they gave leeway for other foreign armies to join the fight against the reds. The third cause of the Russian civil war was the foreign opposition to the Bolshevik government. This opposition was due to two interconnected factors. The first being that the