This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Causes And Effects Of Adult Obesity

1897 words - 8 pages

Introduction
Although many individuals are uncertain about the increasing statistics associated with obesity, more than seventy percent of men and virtually sixty-two percent of women within the United States adult population are overweight or obese (Wilmore, Costill, & Kenney). Obesity refers to the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. If an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too excessive, he/she is at a much greater risk of developing life-altering diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, etc. (Wilmore, et al., 2008).
Heart failure is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes too weak to ...view middle of the document...

Obesity refers to just excessive body fat whereas overweight refers to excessive body weight including water, bone, fat, and muscle. A certain amount of fat is needed to store energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions, but when men reach more than twenty-five percent body fat, and women reach more than thirty percent they are considered obese. A person’s body mass index (BMI) is measured by dividing body weight in kilograms by the square of body height in meters (Wilmore, et al., 2008).
Individuals who suffer from obesity often experience various symptoms such as difficulty sleeping, sleep apnea, shortness of breath, gallstones, depression, and skin problems. Sleep apnea happens when an individual experiences irregular breathing patterns or even loss of breath during sleep. Gallstones are hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside the gallbladder. They appear in many different sizes and shapes. Some gallstones may be the size of a sand crystal whereas others may be the size of a golf ball. Depression simply refers to a feeling of overwhelming sadness and a sense of hopelessness.
In addition to obesity leading to other health problems, obesity stems from numerous causes such as genetic, environmental, and sociological factors. Other causes that are associated with adult obesity include but are not limited to hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, and depression (Newman, 2009). Hyperthyroidism refers to a condition in which the thyroid gland becomes overactive, and therefore produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones resulting in excessive weight gain (Surks, 2002). Cushing’s syndrome refers to an extremely rare form of hormonal disorder in which an excessive amount of cortisol is released (Carson-Dewitt, 2002). Polycystic ovary syndrome is an imbalance of women’s hormones, which can lead to infertility and problematic periods (Chen, 2008).
Review of Literature
Environmental and sociological factors contribute to many individuals significant difficulties with obesity. The lifestyle choices of Americans have changed tremendously due to numerous economic changes, therefore increasing the prevalence of obesity. According to Chou, Grossman, and Saffer, an important economic change is the increase in the value of time, particularly of women, which is reflected by the growth in their labor force participation rates and in their hours of work. In recent years, women have gained more power and freedom resulting in an increase in the amount of time spent at the workplace. Because of this, there are far less opportunities for the mother or the woman of the house to prepare meals that contain nutritional value for her family. Due to the lack of time in most individual’s daily lives, they tend to resort to convenience food with minimal preparation time. Sometimes many individuals are too busy to even prepare a meal when they arrive home from a hard day of work, so they rely on fast-food...

Other Essays Like Causes And Effects Of Adult Obesity

Global Political Corruption: Causes, Effects And Remedies

1344 words - 6 pages support in their illegal actions. It is melancholic to say that few government officials are even involved in backing the most wanted criminals. Corruption may have drastic impacts like most of the public funds are used on the leisure and lifestyle of influential people instead of allotting them on hospitals, schools and other basic needs of general public. Corruption causes businesses to flee from the country because businessmen find it a

Causes And Effects Of Internet, ICQ And IRC On My Life

816 words - 4 pages Causes and Effects of Internet, ICQ and IRC on My LifeNowadays Internet becomes more and more popular in our society. We communicate less in real life and actually totally change our lifestyle. I am using Internet for long three years and now I noticed that it affected my life very much. I begin to act differently. I found a lot of new interesting things. I met new peoples and even felt in love and get married virtually.Three years ago I was

Causes and Spread of Infection

1063 words - 5 pages Causes and spread of infection 1.1 Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites Bacteria comes in 3 main shapes; spherical which are known as cocci, rod shaped which are known as bacilli or vibrio, and spiral which is known as spirilla or spirochetes. Bacteria is found in everything for e.g. soil, water, animals, plants, radioactive waste. The only place they aren’t found is where humans

Causes and Spread of Infection

999 words - 4 pages Causes and Spread of Infection Outcome 1. Understand the cause of infection 1.Identify the difference between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Bacteria Bacteria is a single celled organism, bacteria have evolved to thrive in almost any environment and can be found in almost any substance/surface and also in the human body, only 1% of bacteria is actually harmful. It's bad or infectious bacteria that cause illness as they

Determining Causes and Effect of Unemployment

1309 words - 6 pages  Determining Causes and Effects of Unemployment Professor Valentine English 115 August 10, 2015 Determining Causes and Effects of Unemployment A steady source of income is essential for fulfilling the needs of an individual or a whole family. A steady source of income is labeled as having a job, Social Security benefits, and/or retirement benefits. In most cases you will not be able to receive

Types and Causes of Coronary Heart Disease

1493 words - 6 pages heart often causes chest pain and may cause electrical instability of the heart muscle tissue, resulting in a rapid and a disorganized heart beat (ventricular fibrillation). A heart that undergoes fibrillation simply quivers and cannot pump or deliver oxygenated blood to the brain. Permanent brain damage and death can occur unless oxygenated blood flow is quickly resumed. Muscle continues to die at which time the heart attack usually is “complete

Unit 20 – Causes and Spread of Infection

821 words - 4 pages Unit 20 – Causes and Spread of Infection 1.1 Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Bacteria are microbes with a single cell. There is no nucleus or membrane within bacteria, making its structure simpler than that of other organisms. Instead, the genetic information is contained in a single loop of DNA. Viruses are microscopic organisms consisting of genetic material surrounded by proteins, lipids, or

The Greenhouse Gases and Its Causes and Effects on the Earth

941 words - 4 pages atmosphere is oxidized and eventually converts in to carbon dioxide and water, then taking on the greenhouse effects of carbon dioxide. The sun is known for being the base of all energy in all ecosystems. It provides the energy, heat, and light that is essential to support life. In the greenhouse effect, the sun gives off solar and ultraviolet radiation to the Earth. The atmosphere absorbs ultraviolet and solar radiation and sends it out to

Principles of Diversity, Equality and Inclusion in Adult Social Care Settings

1073 words - 5 pages Assignment 303 Principles of diversity, equality and inclusion in adult social care settings Task A Short answer questions Ai Explain in your own words what each term means. Give one example from care practice to illustrate your explanations. • Diversity Means to be different. We can all have the same interests and likes but we are also unique and different. As carers, we need to be aware of these differences as they can be visible and

Unit 303 Principles of Diversity, Equality and Inclusion in Adult Social Care Setting

1513 words - 7 pages Unit 303 Principles of diversity, equality and inclusion in adult social care setting Outcome 1 Understand the importance of diversity, equality and inclusion 1.1 The meaning of Diversity literally means difference. Diversity recognizes that though people have things in common with each other, they are also different and unique in many ways. Diversity is about recognizing and valuing those differences. Diversity consists of visible and non

Unit Cu3119 Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People for Those Working in the Adult Sector

1474 words - 6 pages Unit CU3119 Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People for Those Working in the Adult Sector Written questions Please answer the following written questions: CU 3119 - 1.1 Explain the policies, procedures and practices for safe working with children and young people as follows: * What has been introduced as a result of The Children Act 2004? The Children Act 2004 was introduced following the tragic death of

Related Papers

Causes And Effects Of Obesity Essay

1135 words - 5 pages themselves in a surplus of food for every meal they have, therefore becoming overweight and sometimes even morbidly obese (Reilly 20). This essay will examine some of the major causes and effects of obesity. Obesity is a complex issue with many causes. Poor food choice is one of the main causes. People today eat more and more junk food and fast food. This food is high in fats and cholesterol, and contains too many carbohydrates. When ate in excess the

Causes And Effects Of Stroke Essay

1381 words - 6 pages Topic: Causes and Effects of Stroke Thesis: To gain better knowledge and understanding of the disease called stroke, one must be familiar with how it is caused, its forms, symptoms, facilitators, how it is diagnosed, treated, and prevented. I. Introduction II. Stroke A. Definition B. Types C. Causes III. Demographics IV. Symptoms V. Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention VI. Conclusion Causes and Effects of

Causes And Effects Of Divorce Essay

711 words - 3 pages The causes of divorce   These days so many marriages end in divorce, and divorce becomes the norm than ever before. As we known, divorce is the termination of a marital union, the canceling of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage between married couples. Most people would think carefully before they get married. Most married couples are able to maintain their relationship while others do not, which leads to divorce. Why does the

Obesity And The Effects Essay

2429 words - 10 pages , were likelier to report suicidal ideation and attempts. In contrast, obese men, when compared to non-obese men had a reduced risk of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. (EFFECTS OF OBESITY ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE, Chapter 14 - Marsha D Marcus, PhD, October 24, 2002)Binge eating and depression may contribute to weight gain and obesity, which, in turn, may negatively affect mood. Depression also may be associated with decreases in