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Causes For American Involvement In World War Ii

1049 words - 5 pages

Causes for American Involvement in World War II

Causes for American Involvement in World War II
After WWI, America went in isolation. Back then, the Americans was trying to climb out of a deep depression and wanted to stay concentrating on that situation. America was overwhelming in a neutral stance and isolationism, America seen the events occurring in Asia and Europe, causing growing strain throughout the areas. The following actions happened:
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* The Moscow-Berlin Pact happened encouraging nonviolence between the two authorities
* Poland was invaded by Hitler.
* Germany was declared war on by England and France.
The Changing American Attitude
The "allies" (France and Great Britain), Franklin Roosevelt's wanted to assist, the only thing America made was to let the sale of arms on a "cash and carry" basis. Hitler continuously expanded by taking Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, and Norway. In June, 1940, France tumbled to Germany. This quick growth got America worried, and the US began to build the military up. The final break in isolationism began with the Lend Lease Act (1941) whereby America was allowed to "sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government....any defense article." Great Britain sworn not to export any of the lend lease materials. After this, America built a base on Greenland and then issued the Atlantic Charter (August 14, 1941) - a joint declaration between Great Britain and the US about the purposes of war against fascism. The Battle of the Atlantic began with German U-Boats inflicting destruction. This battle would last throughout the war.
The event that changed America into a nation actively at war was the attack on Pearl Harbor. This was triggered in July 1939 when Franklin Roosevelt announced that the US would no longer trade items such as gasoline and iron to Japan who needed it for their war with China. In July 1941, the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis was created. The Japanese began inhabiting French Indo-China and the Philippines. All Japanese assets were frozen in the US. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor killing over 2,000 people and damaging or destroying eight battleships greatly damaging the Pacific fleet. America formally entered the war and now had to fight on two fronts: Europe and the Pacific.
The Treaty of Versailles
Woodrow Wilson wanted to make peace in Europe based on his 14 point plan.
The main terms of the Treaty of Versailles were:
1. War Guilt Clause - Germany should accept the blame for starting World War One
2. Reparations - Germany had to pay $6,600 million for the damage caused by the war
3. Disarmament - Germany was only allowed to have a small army and six naval ships. No tanks, no air force and no submarines were allowed. The Rhineland area was to be de-militarized.
4. Territorial Clauses - Land was taken away from Germany and given to other countries. Anschluss (union with Austria) was forbidden.
Germans was very...

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