CAUSES OF FRENCH REVOLUTION
Date: 1789–1799 Participants: French society Location: France
The French Revolution was a major event in modern European history. The causes of the French Revolution were many: the monarchy's severe debt problems, high taxes, poor harvests, and the influence of new political ideas and the American Revolution, to mention only a few. Starting as a movement for government reforms, the French Revolution rapidly turned radical and violent, leading to the abolition of the monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. Though the monarchy was eventually restored, the French Revolution changed France and the rest of Europe forever. It inspired a number of ...view middle of the document...
Simultaneously there was growing burden of feudal dues. The poverty was increasing because of huge taxes.
Population was divided into three estates
First estate- Clergy class
Second estate- French Nobility
Third estate- Bourgeoisie and Commoners (which was the majority of population.)
The French nobility, and the clergy became increasingly egregious in their abuses of power in the late 1700s. Commoners were suppressed by the superior classes. The higher clergy lived in the midst of scandalous luxury and extravagance. The nobles lived in pomp and luxury. They did not pay any heed towards the problems of the common people of their areas.
The Bourgeoisie formed the top most group of the Third Estate. The doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class. They had the wealth and social status. But the French Monarch, influenced by the clergies and nobles, ranked them as the Third Estate. So they influenced the people for revolution. They aroused the common people about their rights. Thus, the common people became rebellious. The lower Clergies and the provincial nobles also joined their hands with the common people along with the bourgeoisie. So the French Revolution is also known as the ‘Bourgeoisie Revolution’.
The economic condition of France formed another cause for the outbreak of the French Revolution. The economic condition of France became poor due to the foreign wars of Louis XIV, the seven years War of Louis XV and other expensive wars. During the reign period of Louis XVI, the royal treasury became empty as extravagant expenses of...