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Causes Of The Civil War Essay

480 words - 2 pages

The five main causes of the Civil War were the formation of the Confederate States of America, sectionalism, the secession of the Southern states, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Missouri Compromise of 1820. At the time, many events angered both the North and the South. Those causes were the most influential, and had the largest impact on the progression of pre-war hostility.On February 4, 1861, delegates from six states met in Montgomery, Alabama to discuss the formation of a new nation. They would call it The Confederate States of America. Eleven states formed a confederacy, and thought of themselves as a country independent of the United States of America. ...view middle of the document...

The regions had different economic and political views, which resulted in conflicts. Many different sources contributed to sectionalism between the two regions, including abolitionism and the Dred Scott Decision. Sectionalism provided many reasons for the both areas to detest each other, which helped move the countries to war.Eleven states seceded from the United States in 1861. Those were Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. This was a major factor of the Civil War, and formed aggression. The secession of the southern states prompted Abraham Lincoln to declare that states cannot lawfully leave the union. The secession proved that the southern states were ready for action, and wanted to be independent of the United States.The Kansas-Nebraska Act was created by Stephen Douglas. It gave states popular sovereignty, so that each individual state could choose to be free or slave holding. Although most liked the idea of popular sovereignty, in Nebraska and Kansas, half of each state supported each position. This division caused outbreaks.The Missouri Compromise of 1820 was also a key basis of the Civil War. It established the 36°, 30' line. This line maintained the balance of free to slave states. In Congress, the ratio of free to slave states was kept. This situation left the issue of slavery unresolved. The Missouri Compromise only provided a way around present problems, and laid the groundwork for a large dilemma later, when it was declared unconstitutional.

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