Causes Of The French Revolution Essay

1009 words - 5 pages

HOW, AND WITH WHAT RESULTS, DID THE CIVIL CONSTITUTION OF THE
CLERGY CONSTITUTE A TURNING POINT IN THE SUPPORT BASE OF THE
REVOLUTIONARIES?
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was passed by the revolutionary government
in 1790 with the aim of reducing the power and influence of the church. It also
aimed at subordinating the church to the state. The revolutionary government
sought to achieve these aims by taking over the responsibility of paying the
clergy’s salaries. The bishops would now be elected by the same voters who
elected other government officials and they had to be approved by the
government rather than by the pope. Finally it was decided that the clergy take
an oath of ...view middle of the document...

This was because the peasants who
remained devout Catholics were ultimately influenced by the pope and clergy to
reject the civil constitution. Peasants were incited into revolting against the
government especially in places such as Vendee, Lyons, Marseille and
Bordeaux. When the government responded with military force the situation
degenerated into civil war in 1793.
The Civil Constitution alienated Louis XVI and increased conflict between the
executive and legislative arms of the revolutionary government. Even before the
passage of the civil constitution, the king and his colleagues in the revolutionary
government were already at loggerheads. The National Assembly accused the
king of bias in the use of his veto to protect the interests of the reactionary
nobles and clergy. The civil constitution worsened things and certainly put
Louis XVI in a difficult position as head of state on one hand and devout
Catholic on the other. He had a dilemma deciding whether to act as head of
state and approve the legislation or follow his religious convictions and reject
the new law. Either way it was a difficult situation and when Louis XVI chose to
follow the pope’s example in denouncing the civil constitution, he undermined
his standing in the revolutionary government. That gave his opponents yet
another excuse to seek his ouster and eventual execution in 1793. His downfall
marked the end of the moderate course in France’s revolution.
The Civil Constitution alienated sympathetic elements within the clergy and
sowed the seed of civil war that broke out three years later. In 1790, the pope
rejected the civil constitution and condemned it in very strong terms. He
denounced it as a heresy and called on all Catholics to resist it. The Pope’s
decision weighed with most of the bishops and priests in France who rejected
the civil constitution and came to be known as refractory or non- juring priests.
The Pope’s decision influenced Catholic countries such as Austria to oppose
France’s revolutionary but moderate government. The pope and clergy’s
decision influenced the peasants to turn against the revolutionary government.
...

Other Essays Like Causes of the French Revolution

The French Revolution Essay

861 words - 4 pages Social Change: The French Revolution It is the year of 1789, and everyday life as a French peasant is one of the hardest responsibilities there is. King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette of France have been living in Versailles living a luxurious lifestyle and spending exorbitant amounts of tax-payer money. The French economy during this time was failing because of the money mismanagement of the King and Queen. Bread prices had doubled

The French Revolution Essay

401 words - 2 pages To begin with, the American Revolution inspired the French people who were seeking reform in their own country. Throughout the eighteenth century, Enlightenment ideas caused people to think twice about the structure of their society. The French middle class and several nobles were very impressed with ideas such as the social contract and freedom of speech. Also they were inspired how the Americans threw off an oppressive government.Secondly, in

The Causes of the Industrial Revolution

1083 words - 5 pages During the 18th century and late 19th century, a major technological, social, economic and cultural change known as the Industrial Revolution would start in Great Britain and eventually spread to many parts of the world. During that times preceding the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain’s economy relied heavily on manual labour, but would be soon rapidly replaced by industry and machines. The causes of the Industrial Revolution are complicated

Causes of Revolution

3194 words - 13 pages | | | | |Individual |Complete Appendix B: Causes of the Revolution located on the student website. |Day 7 (Sunday) |30 | |Causes of the Revolution| | | | | |Post your assignment as an attachment in Microsoft Word format to the

A Tale Of Two Cities Essays: The French Revolution

3024 words - 13 pages France and England in A Tale of Two Cities - The French Revolution    Introduction  In the eighteen-fifties, Charles Dickens was concerned that social problems in England, particularly those relating to the condition of the poor, might provoke a mass reaction on the scale of the French Revolution.  In a letter written in 1855, for example, he refers to the unrest of the time as follows:  I believe the discontent to be so

Financial Factors Leading To The French Revolution

3446 words - 14 pages Introduction The French Revolution was nothing less than any revolution before or anyone after it: radical change in the institution that was known as the ordinary lifestyle. What began as a dispute between the people and the monarchy quickly turned into a violent and demandingly rapid movement to change the government that was more representative of the people of France. With many examples around them, the French people had many examples and

The French Revolution For A New Government

1604 words - 7 pages French Revolution was a very intense time of fighting both with their own country and others. The French were able to get their much awaited government, despite going through periods of terror from allowing the wrong people in power.

Q: to What Extent Were the Financial Difficulties of the Government the Cause of the French Revolution

1287 words - 6 pages breaking down social structure which only amplified the financial difficulties of the French Government. These economic and financial difficulties of the French Government were a main reason for the revolution. The economic crisis and financial debt of the French Government enraged the people of France. Exorbitant debt led to the financial crisis of the French Government (French Revolution Causes: An Economic Crisis, 2011). Streich (2009) explains

Was The French Revolution Worth The Blood Shed

997 words - 4 pages The French Revolution began due to unrest and tension between the different social and economic classes in France. The confirmed beginning of the Revolution was on July 14, 1789, with the storming of the Bastille.("French Revolution timeline") The Revolution went on to see many bloody battles and the eventual passage of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the execution of the King, and the formation of French First Republic

The Causes Of Crime

1558 words - 7 pages Missing Works Cited The Causes of Crime The causes of crime seem to be indefinite and ever changing. In the 19th century, slum poverty was blamed; in the 20th century, a childhood without love was blamed (Adams 152). In the era going into the new millennium, most experts and theorists have given up all hope in trying to pinpoint one single aspect that causes crime. Many experts believe some people are natural born criminals who are born

The Causes of Divorce

733 words - 3 pages eroding. So around the world, divorce is becoming more acceptable. In the following paragraphs we will examine some of the causes that can lead to divorce. A lack of communication, infidelity, premature marriage and incompatibility or personality conflicts are factors which are usually at the heart of marital conflict all over the world. Firstly, and most likely the most common cause of divorce in today’s society is a lack of openness and

Related Papers

Causes Of French Revolution Essay

837 words - 4 pages CAUSES OF FRENCH REVOLUTION Date‎: ‎1789–1799 Participants‎: ‎French society Location‎: ‎France The French Revolution was a major event in modern European history. The causes of the French Revolution were many: the monarchy's severe debt problems, high taxes, poor harvests, and the influence of new political ideas and the American Revolution, to mention only a few. Starting as a movement for government reforms, the French Revolution

To What Extent Were Poverty And Prosperity Causes Of The 1789 French Revolution?

921 words - 4 pages Historical processes are not consequence of a single cause, there are always several complex structures involved and the historian must be careful to study all of them in their mutual interconnection. The French Revolution is a particularly complex process because it is a turning point in history and even now there are different points of view about its causes, development and consequences, however it is clear that one of the main short-term

Causes Of The Russian Revolution Essay

665 words - 3 pages Causes of the Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution was one of the most influential revolutions in the history of humanity, since the Russian Revolution caused Russia to become the first communist country in the world. It changed from being an absolute monarchy under the rule of Tsar Nicholas II to becoming under the rule of the first communist party government in the world. In my opinion, the most important causes that caused the

Positive Outcomes Of The French Revolution

1215 words - 5 pages unacceptable is justified. The violence that leads to improvements in one’s own country is worth the cost if the circumstances fail to change from other measures. The French Revolution was a period of much sorrow and slaughter which came as a protest to the Tyranny that faced France. Despite all of these hardships, all of the positive causes of the French Revolution were amazing to Europe and improved lives of people across Europe by giving them rights, lowering taxes, and bringing peace to Europe through reforms in governments and new treaties.