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Causes Of The Vietnam War Essay

2079 words - 9 pages

Michael Oswald
Antoinette Countryman
English 152
22 February 2014
The Causes of the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War is now considered as one of the most distressing moments during the 20th Century. The Vietnam War was caused by many factors that contributed to the war in Vietnam during the years of 1959 to April 30, 1975. This war just prolonged the struggles between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam. Most of the factors that contribute to the war were the beliefs by a lot of people who wanted to prevent Vietnam of becoming an Independent Country. There are many people who suffered a lot due to this war going on and still due to this day people still picturing ...view middle of the document...

Therefore its nickname, ‘T he Domino Theory.’ When, in 1949, the Communist Party became the ruling power in China, US feared that Vietnam would be the next ‘Asian Domino’ to fall to Communism. That was the reason why Truman aided the French in their fight against the Viet Minh. Truman also believed that assisting the French would stem the Communism reign in South-East Asia and that the ‘Domino Theory’ would not actually become fact. US Involvement with France would offer free-world power over Vietnam and would provide exports to Japan after the Pacific War with the help of America re-building. US Involvement also relieved the United Kingdom whose trade links were in the colony of Malaya, where it’s tin and rubber would help their recovery after WWII. Also, with the US aid, France could focus on financial revival and to retract their officer corps from Indochina to supervise the leader of West Germany, which was seen as essential by the United States. These aspirations shaped a second set of causes why the US became involved in Vietnam, and therefore help cause the war.
One of the major causes of the Vietnam War was the civil war between the French and Viet Minh. It said that the Vietnam War, or also known as the Second Indochina War, was just a continuation of the First Indochina War. The First Indochina War started all because of Vietnam’s wanted their free independence from the French and France didn’t want that to happen. According to history.com “In March, a force of 40,000 Viet Minh troops with heavy artillery had surrounded 15,000 French soldiers, holding the French position under siege.” This war went on for many years until the French fell to Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu, which marked the end of the French involvement in Southeast Asia. The French agreed to the independence of Vietnam at the Conference in 1954. After the French were defeated they assented to the demands and called for a Geneva conference with the other entire world leaders as well as all of the representatives. The conference included representatives from the United States, France, Soviet Union, Great Britain, Cambodia, Laos, State of Vietnam, the DRV and People’s Republic of China. Then they drafted the Geneva Accords that mainly focused on resolving the war between the French and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam that was lead by Ho Chi Minh. Due to the Accords they would take the 17th Parallel and split it between the Emperor Bao Dai who would control the south and the north being controlled by Ho Chi Minh till the elections in 1956 that would decide on the new government that would re unite the Vietnam. However the peace brought about by the Accord was a short lived one, as the agreements ended up being broken by Diem and South Vietnam that refused to call for elections. Consequently, war was declared between the north and south of Vietnam and the Second Indochina because of Diem.
Furthermore, one of the major ideologies of the Vietnam War was what type of...

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